Effect of a specific platelet-activating factor antagonist on cardiovascular and peripheral cellular responses to colonic ischemia and reperfusion in anesthetized ponies

D. V. Wilson From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.

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 BVSc, MS
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J. A. Stick From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.

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SUMMARY

The role of platelet-activating factor in mediating the cardiovascular and peripheral cellular responses to large-colon ischemia and reperfusion, was explored in anesthetized ponies. A specific platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist (WEB 2086) was administered to a group of 6 ponies, and another 6 ponies (controls) were given an equivalent volume of saline solution, prior to 1 hour of large-colon torsion. After correction of the torsion, ponies were monitored during the reperfusion period. Significant (P < 0.05) hypotension and metabolic acidosis developed in all ponies after correction of colonic torsion, cardiac index increased initially, but then decreased significantly (P < 0.05) over the study period. Mean times between correction of torsion and onset of cardiac failure and death were not different between groups. Significant (P < 0.05) thrombocytopenia developed during the reperfusion period in control ponies, but not in WEB-treated ponies. Blood leukocyte concentration in control ponies was more variable and significantly (P < 0.05) decreased immediately upon reperfusion, compared with that in WEB-treated ponies. We conclude that although the cardiovascular responses to colonic ischemia and reperfusion are not prevented by use of a specific paf-antagonist, specific peripheral cellular responses are mediated by paf.

SUMMARY

The role of platelet-activating factor in mediating the cardiovascular and peripheral cellular responses to large-colon ischemia and reperfusion, was explored in anesthetized ponies. A specific platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist (WEB 2086) was administered to a group of 6 ponies, and another 6 ponies (controls) were given an equivalent volume of saline solution, prior to 1 hour of large-colon torsion. After correction of the torsion, ponies were monitored during the reperfusion period. Significant (P < 0.05) hypotension and metabolic acidosis developed in all ponies after correction of colonic torsion, cardiac index increased initially, but then decreased significantly (P < 0.05) over the study period. Mean times between correction of torsion and onset of cardiac failure and death were not different between groups. Significant (P < 0.05) thrombocytopenia developed during the reperfusion period in control ponies, but not in WEB-treated ponies. Blood leukocyte concentration in control ponies was more variable and significantly (P < 0.05) decreased immediately upon reperfusion, compared with that in WEB-treated ponies. We conclude that although the cardiovascular responses to colonic ischemia and reperfusion are not prevented by use of a specific paf-antagonist, specific peripheral cellular responses are mediated by paf.

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