Altered platelet indices in dogs with hypothyroidism and cats with hyperthyroidism

Patrick Sullivan From the Departments of Animal Science (Sullivan, Clift, Cottrell, McDonald) and Urban Practice (Gompf, Schmeitzel), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37901-1071.

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Rebecca Gompf From the Departments of Animal Science (Sullivan, Clift, Cottrell, McDonald) and Urban Practice (Gompf, Schmeitzel), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37901-1071.

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Lynn Schmeitzel From the Departments of Animal Science (Sullivan, Clift, Cottrell, McDonald) and Urban Practice (Gompf, Schmeitzel), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37901-1071.

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Rose Clift From the Departments of Animal Science (Sullivan, Clift, Cottrell, McDonald) and Urban Practice (Gompf, Schmeitzel), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37901-1071.

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Marilyn Cottrell From the Departments of Animal Science (Sullivan, Clift, Cottrell, McDonald) and Urban Practice (Gompf, Schmeitzel), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37901-1071.

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T. P. McDonald From the Departments of Animal Science (Sullivan, Clift, Cottrell, McDonald) and Urban Practice (Gompf, Schmeitzel), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37901-1071.

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Summary

Changes in platelet indices (platelet count and platelet size) and pcv associated with thyroid disease were studied in 7 dogs with hypothyroidism and 21 cats with hyperthyroidism that were admitted to the veterinary teaching hospital. Compared with control (euthyroid) dogs, dogs with hypothyroidism had higher platelet count (P = 0.003), smaller platelet size (P = 0.01), and lower pcv (P = 0.02). Comparison of the group of hyperthyroid cats with a group of similarly aged, clinically normal cats with normal thyroxine values indicated that the group of hyperthyroid cats had significantly (P = 0.03) higher mean platelet size than did control cats, but differences were not found in mean platelet count or pcv. Results of this investigation indicate that the changes in platelet size reported in human beings with thyroid endocrinopathies also are found in animals so-affected. Although the pathogenesis of platelet abnormalities in animals with thyroid derangement is unclear and likely is multifactorial, the observed relation between platelet and erythrocyte production in this group of dogs is consistent with reports of an inverse relation between thrombocytopoiesis and erythropoiesis in iatrogenically hyperthyroid mice and in mice exposed to hypoxia.

Summary

Changes in platelet indices (platelet count and platelet size) and pcv associated with thyroid disease were studied in 7 dogs with hypothyroidism and 21 cats with hyperthyroidism that were admitted to the veterinary teaching hospital. Compared with control (euthyroid) dogs, dogs with hypothyroidism had higher platelet count (P = 0.003), smaller platelet size (P = 0.01), and lower pcv (P = 0.02). Comparison of the group of hyperthyroid cats with a group of similarly aged, clinically normal cats with normal thyroxine values indicated that the group of hyperthyroid cats had significantly (P = 0.03) higher mean platelet size than did control cats, but differences were not found in mean platelet count or pcv. Results of this investigation indicate that the changes in platelet size reported in human beings with thyroid endocrinopathies also are found in animals so-affected. Although the pathogenesis of platelet abnormalities in animals with thyroid derangement is unclear and likely is multifactorial, the observed relation between platelet and erythrocyte production in this group of dogs is consistent with reports of an inverse relation between thrombocytopoiesis and erythropoiesis in iatrogenically hyperthyroid mice and in mice exposed to hypoxia.

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