Influence of anesthetic regimens on the perioperative catecholamine response associated with onychectomy in cats

H. C. Lin From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Lin, Benson, Thurmon, Tranquilli, Olson) and Veterinary Biosciences (Bevill), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.

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G. J. Benson From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Lin, Benson, Thurmon, Tranquilli, Olson) and Veterinary Biosciences (Bevill), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.

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J. C. Thurmon From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Lin, Benson, Thurmon, Tranquilli, Olson) and Veterinary Biosciences (Bevill), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.

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W. J. Tranquilli From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Lin, Benson, Thurmon, Tranquilli, Olson) and Veterinary Biosciences (Bevill), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.

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W. A. Olson From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Lin, Benson, Thurmon, Tranquilli, Olson) and Veterinary Biosciences (Bevill), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.

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R. F. Bevill From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Lin, Benson, Thurmon, Tranquilli, Olson) and Veterinary Biosciences (Bevill), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.

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Summary

Plasma catecholamine concentrations in response to onychectomy were examined in 27 cats receiving different anesthetic regimens. Each cat was anesthetized with a dissociative-tranquilizer combination, and onychectomy was performed on 1 forefoot. One week later, each cat was anesthetized with the same dissociative-tranquilizer combination plus either butorphanol or oxymorphone, and onychectomy was performed on the other forefoot. Four treatment groups were studied: tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol combinations were administered to group-1 cats, ketamine-acepromazine and ketamine-acepromazine-butorphanol combinations were administered to group-2 cats, tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-oxymorphone combinations were administered to group-3 cats, and ketamine-acepromazine and ketamine-acepromazine-oxymorphone combinations were administered to group-4 cats. All drug combinations were administered im. Central venous blood samples were drawn for catecholamine analysis after injection of drug(s), after onychectomy, and 1, 2, and 4 hours after injection. Tiletamine-zolazepam alone or tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol prevented epinephrine release for 2 hours after injection of drug(s). Norepinephrine concentration increased significantly (P < 0.05) from baseline after onychectomy for tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol and at 4 hours for tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol. After onychectomy, there was no difference in epinephrine values between tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-oxymorphone. Ketamine-acepromazine prevented increases in norepinephrine and epinephrine concentrations for up to 2 hours after surgery. Addition of butorphanol to ketamine-acepromazine decreased norepinephrine values immediately after onychectomy. Addition of oxymorphone to ketamine-acepromazine resulted in lower epinephrine values 4 hours after surgery.

Summary

Plasma catecholamine concentrations in response to onychectomy were examined in 27 cats receiving different anesthetic regimens. Each cat was anesthetized with a dissociative-tranquilizer combination, and onychectomy was performed on 1 forefoot. One week later, each cat was anesthetized with the same dissociative-tranquilizer combination plus either butorphanol or oxymorphone, and onychectomy was performed on the other forefoot. Four treatment groups were studied: tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol combinations were administered to group-1 cats, ketamine-acepromazine and ketamine-acepromazine-butorphanol combinations were administered to group-2 cats, tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-oxymorphone combinations were administered to group-3 cats, and ketamine-acepromazine and ketamine-acepromazine-oxymorphone combinations were administered to group-4 cats. All drug combinations were administered im. Central venous blood samples were drawn for catecholamine analysis after injection of drug(s), after onychectomy, and 1, 2, and 4 hours after injection. Tiletamine-zolazepam alone or tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol prevented epinephrine release for 2 hours after injection of drug(s). Norepinephrine concentration increased significantly (P < 0.05) from baseline after onychectomy for tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol and at 4 hours for tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol. After onychectomy, there was no difference in epinephrine values between tiletamine-zolazepam and tiletamine-zolazepam-oxymorphone. Ketamine-acepromazine prevented increases in norepinephrine and epinephrine concentrations for up to 2 hours after surgery. Addition of butorphanol to ketamine-acepromazine decreased norepinephrine values immediately after onychectomy. Addition of oxymorphone to ketamine-acepromazine resulted in lower epinephrine values 4 hours after surgery.

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