Antagonism of a specific dopaminergic receptor agonist with metoclopramide in horses

Susan C. Eades From the Departments of Large Animal Medicine and Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

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James N. Moore From the Departments of Large Animal Medicine and Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

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SUMMARY

Changes in lateral cecal arterial blood flow, mean internal carotid arterial pressure, and heart rate caused by nasogastric administration of fenoldopam (3, 6, and 9 mg/kg of body weight), a selective agonist of dopaminergic receptors, were recorded in 7 healthy horses. Cecal arterial blood flow was significantly increased within 30 minutes after administration of fenoldopam at all 3 dosages, with the peak increases from baseline (67.8 ± 17.5 ml/min) being 125 ± 28, 120 ± 22, and 153 ± 32 ml/min for 3, 6, and 9 mg/kg, respectively. Although carotid arterial pressure did not change significantly after administration of fenoldopam at the dosage of 3 mg/kg, administration of fenoldopam at the dosages of 6 and 9 mg/kg significantly reduced carotid arterial pressure from 113 ± 10 to 88 ± 3 and 81 ± 5 mm of Hg, respectively. Intravenous infusion of metoclopramide, a dopaminergic receptor antagonist, at the rate of 0.125 mg/kg/h, blocked the effect of fenoldopam on cecal arterial blood flow and carotid arterial pressure. It was concluded that dopaminergic receptors mediate alterations in local blood flow and systemic pressure in horses.

SUMMARY

Changes in lateral cecal arterial blood flow, mean internal carotid arterial pressure, and heart rate caused by nasogastric administration of fenoldopam (3, 6, and 9 mg/kg of body weight), a selective agonist of dopaminergic receptors, were recorded in 7 healthy horses. Cecal arterial blood flow was significantly increased within 30 minutes after administration of fenoldopam at all 3 dosages, with the peak increases from baseline (67.8 ± 17.5 ml/min) being 125 ± 28, 120 ± 22, and 153 ± 32 ml/min for 3, 6, and 9 mg/kg, respectively. Although carotid arterial pressure did not change significantly after administration of fenoldopam at the dosage of 3 mg/kg, administration of fenoldopam at the dosages of 6 and 9 mg/kg significantly reduced carotid arterial pressure from 113 ± 10 to 88 ± 3 and 81 ± 5 mm of Hg, respectively. Intravenous infusion of metoclopramide, a dopaminergic receptor antagonist, at the rate of 0.125 mg/kg/h, blocked the effect of fenoldopam on cecal arterial blood flow and carotid arterial pressure. It was concluded that dopaminergic receptors mediate alterations in local blood flow and systemic pressure in horses.

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