Plasma concentrations of luteinizing hormone and adrenocorticotropic hormone in blood collected during the luteal and follicular phases of the estrous cycle in cows

Rebecca L. Hegstad From the Departments of Clinical and Population Sciences (Hegstad, Pasternak, Seguin), and Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston), College of Veterinary Medicine, and Animal Sciences (Wheaton), College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Shirley D. Johnston From the Departments of Clinical and Population Sciences (Hegstad, Pasternak, Seguin), and Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston), College of Veterinary Medicine, and Animal Sciences (Wheaton), College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Donna M. Pasternak From the Departments of Clinical and Population Sciences (Hegstad, Pasternak, Seguin), and Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston), College of Veterinary Medicine, and Animal Sciences (Wheaton), College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Bradley E. Seguin From the Departments of Clinical and Population Sciences (Hegstad, Pasternak, Seguin), and Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston), College of Veterinary Medicine, and Animal Sciences (Wheaton), College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Jon E. Wheaton From the Departments of Clinical and Population Sciences (Hegstad, Pasternak, Seguin), and Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston), College of Veterinary Medicine, and Animal Sciences (Wheaton), College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Summary

Luteinizing hormone (lh) and acth concentrations were measured in plasma from 7 cows to determine whether acth secretion changes with the phase of the estrous cycle, and to determine whether any acth peaks are associated with lh peaks. Blood was collected every 5 minutes for 190 minutes during the luteal and follicular phases of the estrous cycle. Radioimmunoassays were used to measure acth and lh in plasma. Mean concentration of acth in all cows did not differ significantly between luteal (35.1 ± 8.0 pg/ml) and follicular (37.5 ± 9.4 pg/ml) phases of the estrous cycle. Mean concentration of luteal-phase lh of all cows (2.0 ± 1.1 ng/ml) was significantly (P < 0.01) lower than mean concentration of follicular-phase lh (5.4 ± 1.6 ng/ml). Frequency of peaks in acth concentration was low during the sampling period. Mean number of luteal-phase acth peaks (0.29 ± 0.49) was not significantly different from that of follicular-phase samples (0.43 ± 0.53). Unlike acth, mean frequency of lh peaks was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in plasma from cows in the follicular phase of the estrous cycle (2.9 ± 0.7), compared with that from cows in the luteal phase (0.29 ± 0.49).

Summary

Luteinizing hormone (lh) and acth concentrations were measured in plasma from 7 cows to determine whether acth secretion changes with the phase of the estrous cycle, and to determine whether any acth peaks are associated with lh peaks. Blood was collected every 5 minutes for 190 minutes during the luteal and follicular phases of the estrous cycle. Radioimmunoassays were used to measure acth and lh in plasma. Mean concentration of acth in all cows did not differ significantly between luteal (35.1 ± 8.0 pg/ml) and follicular (37.5 ± 9.4 pg/ml) phases of the estrous cycle. Mean concentration of luteal-phase lh of all cows (2.0 ± 1.1 ng/ml) was significantly (P < 0.01) lower than mean concentration of follicular-phase lh (5.4 ± 1.6 ng/ml). Frequency of peaks in acth concentration was low during the sampling period. Mean number of luteal-phase acth peaks (0.29 ± 0.49) was not significantly different from that of follicular-phase samples (0.43 ± 0.53). Unlike acth, mean frequency of lh peaks was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in plasma from cows in the follicular phase of the estrous cycle (2.9 ± 0.7), compared with that from cows in the luteal phase (0.29 ± 0.49).

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