Fungal flora of the healthy camelid conjunctival sac

Juliet R. Gionfriddo From the Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Gionfriddo, Betts) and Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine (Gabal), Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

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Moustafa A. Gabal From the Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Gionfriddo, Betts) and Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine (Gabal), Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

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Daniel M. Betts From the Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Gionfriddo, Betts) and Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine (Gabal), Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

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Summary

Swab specimens for fungal isolation were collected from the healthy conjunctival sacs of 3 species of captive camelids (Lama glama, L guanicoe, L pacos) and llamaguanaco hybrids. Fungi were collected from over half the animals in winter (53%) and summer (56%). Fungal species of 10 genera were isolated. In both seasons, Aspergillus was the most commonly isolated genus; at least 9 species of Aspergillus were found. The fungal organisms isolated were similar to those found in healthy eyes of other domestic animals and may represent a random seeding from the environment where they are ubiquitous.

Summary

Swab specimens for fungal isolation were collected from the healthy conjunctival sacs of 3 species of captive camelids (Lama glama, L guanicoe, L pacos) and llamaguanaco hybrids. Fungi were collected from over half the animals in winter (53%) and summer (56%). Fungal species of 10 genera were isolated. In both seasons, Aspergillus was the most commonly isolated genus; at least 9 species of Aspergillus were found. The fungal organisms isolated were similar to those found in healthy eyes of other domestic animals and may represent a random seeding from the environment where they are ubiquitous.

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