Analysis of genetic variation of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus and bluetongue virus field isolates by coelectrophoresis of their double-stranded RNA

Salah Hammami From the Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

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Bennie I. Osburn From the Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

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Summary

Thirty-two bovine field isolates of bluetongue virus (btv), 6 field isolates of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (ehdv) from deer, 4 btv prototype serotypes (10, 11, 13, and 17), and 2 ehdv prototype serotypes (1 and 2) were coelectrophoresed, using polyacrylamide gels. Field isolates were obtained from various regions of the United States. Analysis of polyacrylamide gels and scattered plots generated for comparison of migration patterns for different isolates within each serotype of btv revealed wide variation among the individual segments. The btv serotypes 10 and 11 had more variation, compared with btv serotypes 13 and 17, especially for migration of genome segment 5. A definitive correlation was not seen between the double-stranded rna migration profiles on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, geographic origin, herd of origin, or year of collection. One btv field isolate contained more than 1 electropherotype, with 2 bands at the segment-7 position, and it was further characterized as btv serotype 11. Segments 2 and 5 of ehdv isolates were more variable in their migration than were the other gene segments. Generally, migration profiles for ehdv double-stranded rna were more variable, compared with those of btv isolates. Although a correlation was found between migration profiles and serotype of 2 isolates of ehdv, a study of additional ehdv isolates is required before the diversity of electrophoretic patterns of EHDV can be determined.

Summary

Thirty-two bovine field isolates of bluetongue virus (btv), 6 field isolates of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (ehdv) from deer, 4 btv prototype serotypes (10, 11, 13, and 17), and 2 ehdv prototype serotypes (1 and 2) were coelectrophoresed, using polyacrylamide gels. Field isolates were obtained from various regions of the United States. Analysis of polyacrylamide gels and scattered plots generated for comparison of migration patterns for different isolates within each serotype of btv revealed wide variation among the individual segments. The btv serotypes 10 and 11 had more variation, compared with btv serotypes 13 and 17, especially for migration of genome segment 5. A definitive correlation was not seen between the double-stranded rna migration profiles on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, geographic origin, herd of origin, or year of collection. One btv field isolate contained more than 1 electropherotype, with 2 bands at the segment-7 position, and it was further characterized as btv serotype 11. Segments 2 and 5 of ehdv isolates were more variable in their migration than were the other gene segments. Generally, migration profiles for ehdv double-stranded rna were more variable, compared with those of btv isolates. Although a correlation was found between migration profiles and serotype of 2 isolates of ehdv, a study of additional ehdv isolates is required before the diversity of electrophoretic patterns of EHDV can be determined.

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