Potential attachment area of the first mandibular molar in dogs

Mark M. Smith From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Smith), and the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Laboratory, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061.

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Lisa M. Massoudi From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Smith), and the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Laboratory, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061.

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Summary

Tooth root and root trunk surface area measurements were taken from 20 first mandibular molar (M1) teeth obtained randomly from canine cadaver specimens. The mean root surface area for all teeth was 497.1 ± 116.2 mm2. The cumulative surface areas of the mesial (mr) and distal (dr) roots were 251.4 ± 70.2 mm2 and 211.7 ± 51.9 mm2, respectively. The root trunk surface area was 34.0 ± 21.4 mm2. Surface area measurements for individual roots and the root trunk were significantly different. Cumulative individual root surface area (mr + dr) was 93.2% of total root surface area. The mr surface area contributed most to total root surface area (50.6%) and cumulative individual root surface area (54.3%). The mean distance from the beginning of the root trunk to the furcation was 2.1 mm. On the basis of the linear variation of the percentage of root surface area of the M1, 44.6% of the total root surface area was 3 to 7 mm apical to the most coronal aspect of the cementoenamel junction. The mr was heart-shaped, compared with the more cylindrical shape of the dr.

Summary

Tooth root and root trunk surface area measurements were taken from 20 first mandibular molar (M1) teeth obtained randomly from canine cadaver specimens. The mean root surface area for all teeth was 497.1 ± 116.2 mm2. The cumulative surface areas of the mesial (mr) and distal (dr) roots were 251.4 ± 70.2 mm2 and 211.7 ± 51.9 mm2, respectively. The root trunk surface area was 34.0 ± 21.4 mm2. Surface area measurements for individual roots and the root trunk were significantly different. Cumulative individual root surface area (mr + dr) was 93.2% of total root surface area. The mr surface area contributed most to total root surface area (50.6%) and cumulative individual root surface area (54.3%). The mean distance from the beginning of the root trunk to the furcation was 2.1 mm. On the basis of the linear variation of the percentage of root surface area of the M1, 44.6% of the total root surface area was 3 to 7 mm apical to the most coronal aspect of the cementoenamel junction. The mr was heart-shaped, compared with the more cylindrical shape of the dr.

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