Isoelectric focusing of soluble proteins from Fasciola hepatica L, 1758 and Fascioloides magna B, 1875

C. G. Lee From the College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331.

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G. L. Zimmerman From the College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331.

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D. M. Mulrooney From the College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331.

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Summary

Isoelectric focusing was performed on the soluble proteins of whole-body and excretory-secretory products (esp) of Fasciola hepatica and Fascioloides magna. Adult F hepatica flukes were recovered from experimentally infected sheep and esp obtained from the flukes; portions of liver were cut and frozen at - 70 C. Fascioloides magna adults were collected from naturally infected white-tailed deer and esp obtained; portions of liver were collected from noninfected white-tailed deer.

Adult flukes and their host tissues were homogenized and centrifuged; protein concentrations with their esp were determined and adjusted to < 2.50 mg/ml. Seven esp samples from F hepatica and 1 from Fascioloides magna were subjected to isoelectric focusing with the 2 species of fluke and their respective host liver homogenates. After separation, gels were stained with silver and scanned on a laser densitometer.

Protein banding patterns of the 2 species of flukes were dissimilar. In the pH range of 3.5 to 9.6, the body protein had approximately 30 peaks and esp about 23 peaks in both species. Overall banding patterns of the body protein and esp of both species were distinct from those of respective host tissues. Of the peaks reported as dominant, 3 of the body protein and 2 of esp were shared between the 2 species. Fascioloides magna had more dominant peaks than F hepatica. This technique of soluble protein isoelectric focusing is simple and reproducible, and the 2 fluke species can easily be differentiated by this technique, as well as by morphologic characteristics.

Summary

Isoelectric focusing was performed on the soluble proteins of whole-body and excretory-secretory products (esp) of Fasciola hepatica and Fascioloides magna. Adult F hepatica flukes were recovered from experimentally infected sheep and esp obtained from the flukes; portions of liver were cut and frozen at - 70 C. Fascioloides magna adults were collected from naturally infected white-tailed deer and esp obtained; portions of liver were collected from noninfected white-tailed deer.

Adult flukes and their host tissues were homogenized and centrifuged; protein concentrations with their esp were determined and adjusted to < 2.50 mg/ml. Seven esp samples from F hepatica and 1 from Fascioloides magna were subjected to isoelectric focusing with the 2 species of fluke and their respective host liver homogenates. After separation, gels were stained with silver and scanned on a laser densitometer.

Protein banding patterns of the 2 species of flukes were dissimilar. In the pH range of 3.5 to 9.6, the body protein had approximately 30 peaks and esp about 23 peaks in both species. Overall banding patterns of the body protein and esp of both species were distinct from those of respective host tissues. Of the peaks reported as dominant, 3 of the body protein and 2 of esp were shared between the 2 species. Fascioloides magna had more dominant peaks than F hepatica. This technique of soluble protein isoelectric focusing is simple and reproducible, and the 2 fluke species can easily be differentiated by this technique, as well as by morphologic characteristics.

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