Furcation anatomy of the first mandibular molar in dogs

Mark M. Smith From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Smith), and the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Laboratory, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

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Lisa M. Massoudi From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Smith), and the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Laboratory, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

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Jack D. Nunes From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Smith), and the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Laboratory, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

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Wilfred C. McCain From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Smith), and the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Laboratory, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

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Summary

Tooth surface and interradicular area (furcation) measurements were taken of 20 first mandibular molar teeth obtained randomly from canine cadavers. The lingual furcation entrance had a mean width of 1.2 ± 0.3 mm. The buccal furcation entrance had a mean width of 1.3 ± 0.4 mm. There was no significant difference between mean furcation entrance measurements. The horizontal attachment area between the cementoenamel junction and the coronal roof of the lingual furcation was 1.1 ± 0.4 mm. The horizontal attachment area between the cementoenamel junction and the coronal roof of the buccal furcation (0.5 ± 0.3 mm) was significantly different from the lingual horizontal attachment area. Distal root length and mesial root length were 16.0 ± 1.5 mm and 16.1 ± 1.6 mm, respectively. The mean coefficient of variation for variables measured was 14.0%. Tooth size did not have a significant effect on furcation entrance measurement. All teeth had a concavity coronal to the furcation area, which extended apically for a mean distance of 65.6% of the distal root length and 83.8% of the mesial root length. Furcation anatomy of the first mandibular molar is complex and may be a contributing factor in periodontal disease involving the interradicular area.

Summary

Tooth surface and interradicular area (furcation) measurements were taken of 20 first mandibular molar teeth obtained randomly from canine cadavers. The lingual furcation entrance had a mean width of 1.2 ± 0.3 mm. The buccal furcation entrance had a mean width of 1.3 ± 0.4 mm. There was no significant difference between mean furcation entrance measurements. The horizontal attachment area between the cementoenamel junction and the coronal roof of the lingual furcation was 1.1 ± 0.4 mm. The horizontal attachment area between the cementoenamel junction and the coronal roof of the buccal furcation (0.5 ± 0.3 mm) was significantly different from the lingual horizontal attachment area. Distal root length and mesial root length were 16.0 ± 1.5 mm and 16.1 ± 1.6 mm, respectively. The mean coefficient of variation for variables measured was 14.0%. Tooth size did not have a significant effect on furcation entrance measurement. All teeth had a concavity coronal to the furcation area, which extended apically for a mean distance of 65.6% of the distal root length and 83.8% of the mesial root length. Furcation anatomy of the first mandibular molar is complex and may be a contributing factor in periodontal disease involving the interradicular area.

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