Effect of macrophages and in vitro infection with parainfluenza type 3 and respiratory syncytial viruses on the mitogenic response of bovine lymphocytes

B. M. Adair From the Department of Agriculture, Veterinary Sciences Division, Stormont, Belfast BT4 3SD, Northern Ireland.

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H. E. L. Bradford From the Department of Agriculture, Veterinary Sciences Division, Stormont, Belfast BT4 3SD, Northern Ireland.

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D. P. Mackie From the Department of Agriculture, Veterinary Sciences Division, Stormont, Belfast BT4 3SD, Northern Ireland.

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M. S. McNulty From the Department of Agriculture, Veterinary Sciences Division, Stormont, Belfast BT4 3SD, Northern Ireland.

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Summary

Bovine blood lymphocytes, depleted of macrophages by absorption on plasma-gelatin coated plastic flasks, followed by passage through Sephadex G-10 columns, failed to respond to pokeweed mitogen stimulation Adherent monocytes or alveolar macrophages added to purified lymphocyte preparations at 10% or less were able to restore the transformation response.

Exposure of alveolar macrophages or purified lymphocytes to 2 bovine respiratory syncytial virus strains for 24 hours substantially reduced the transformation response when mixed with uninfected lymphocytes or macrophages. Exposure of alveolar macrophages or purified lymphocytes to 2 bovine parainfluenza type 3 virus strains produced a similar reduction in activity after 48 hours. Heat inactivation of the viruses removed their inhibitory ability. Immunofluorescence studies revealed that both alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes were permissive for parainfluenza type 3 virus, whereas only a small number of alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes were infected with respiratory syncytial virus. The results suggest that both viruses are capable of adversely affecting the interaction between macrophages and lymphocytes, although the mechanisms by which this is achieved may be different.

Summary

Bovine blood lymphocytes, depleted of macrophages by absorption on plasma-gelatin coated plastic flasks, followed by passage through Sephadex G-10 columns, failed to respond to pokeweed mitogen stimulation Adherent monocytes or alveolar macrophages added to purified lymphocyte preparations at 10% or less were able to restore the transformation response.

Exposure of alveolar macrophages or purified lymphocytes to 2 bovine respiratory syncytial virus strains for 24 hours substantially reduced the transformation response when mixed with uninfected lymphocytes or macrophages. Exposure of alveolar macrophages or purified lymphocytes to 2 bovine parainfluenza type 3 virus strains produced a similar reduction in activity after 48 hours. Heat inactivation of the viruses removed their inhibitory ability. Immunofluorescence studies revealed that both alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes were permissive for parainfluenza type 3 virus, whereas only a small number of alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes were infected with respiratory syncytial virus. The results suggest that both viruses are capable of adversely affecting the interaction between macrophages and lymphocytes, although the mechanisms by which this is achieved may be different.

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