Intradermal testing of horses with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and recurrent urticaria

Anne G. Evans From the Departments of Medicine (Evans, Paradis) and Surgery (O’Callaghan), School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536.

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Mary Rose Paradis From the Departments of Medicine (Evans, Paradis) and Surgery (O’Callaghan), School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536.

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Michael O’Callaghan From the Departments of Medicine (Evans, Paradis) and Surgery (O’Callaghan), School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536.

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Summary

Six horses with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) and 8 horses with recurrent urticaria were skin tested with 67 extracts from 58 allergens, including pollens, epidermals, cultivated farm plants, dusts, molds, and insects. Reactions were evaluated 3 times over a 24-hour period immediately after the injections. Results were compared with those obtained from 11 clinically normal horses. All horses had positive skin test reactions. Significant difference was evident between horses with copd and clinically normal horses for only 3.0% of the possible extract reactions, and between horses with urticaria and clinically normal horses for only 4.5% of the possible extract reactions. Horses with copd or urticaria had greater total percentage of allergen extract reactions than did clinically normal horses. Positive reactions were observed at all 3 evaluation periods, and late-onset reactions were not always preceded by positive reaction at earlier periods. All horses with copd or urticaria had at least 1 skin test reaction that exceeded the mean ± 2 SD, as calculated for each of the 67 extracts for the group of clinically normal horses.

Summary

Six horses with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) and 8 horses with recurrent urticaria were skin tested with 67 extracts from 58 allergens, including pollens, epidermals, cultivated farm plants, dusts, molds, and insects. Reactions were evaluated 3 times over a 24-hour period immediately after the injections. Results were compared with those obtained from 11 clinically normal horses. All horses had positive skin test reactions. Significant difference was evident between horses with copd and clinically normal horses for only 3.0% of the possible extract reactions, and between horses with urticaria and clinically normal horses for only 4.5% of the possible extract reactions. Horses with copd or urticaria had greater total percentage of allergen extract reactions than did clinically normal horses. Positive reactions were observed at all 3 evaluation periods, and late-onset reactions were not always preceded by positive reaction at earlier periods. All horses with copd or urticaria had at least 1 skin test reaction that exceeded the mean ± 2 SD, as calculated for each of the 67 extracts for the group of clinically normal horses.

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