Effect of midazolam preanesthetic administration on thiamylal induction requirement in dogs

Wm. J. Tranquilli From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Tranquilli, Graning, Thurmon, Benson), University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, and Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc, Nutley, NJ (Moum, Lentz).

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L. M. Graning From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Tranquilli, Graning, Thurmon, Benson), University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, and Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc, Nutley, NJ (Moum, Lentz).

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J. C. Thurmon From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Tranquilli, Graning, Thurmon, Benson), University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, and Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc, Nutley, NJ (Moum, Lentz).

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G. J. Benson From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Tranquilli, Graning, Thurmon, Benson), University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, and Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc, Nutley, NJ (Moum, Lentz).

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S. G. Mourn From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Tranquilli, Graning, Thurmon, Benson), University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, and Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc, Nutley, NJ (Moum, Lentz).

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E. L. Lentz From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine (Tranquilli, Graning, Thurmon, Benson), University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, and Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc, Nutley, NJ (Moum, Lentz).

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SUMMARY

The thiamylal sparing effect of midazolam was studied in 30 healthy Beagle and mixed-breed dogs. Using a replicated Latin square design, all dogs were given placebo (saline solution) and 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mg of midazolam/ kg of body weight prior to iv administration of thiamylal sodium. The 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg dosages significantly decreased the amount of thiamylal required to obtund swallowing reflex and easily achieve endotracheal intubation. Midazolam at 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg reduced thiamylal requirement by 16.4% and 18.9%, respectively, whereas the 0.05 mg/kg dosage decreased thiamylal requirement by only 6.8%. The 0.2 mg/kg dosage did not further decrease thiamylal requirement beyond that achieved with the 0.1 mg/kg dosage of midazolam. This study demonstrates that the preanesthetic iv administration of midazolam reduces the thiamylal dose necessary to accomplish intubation. The optimal preanesthetic dosage (lowest dosage with significant effect) was 0.1 mg/kg.

SUMMARY

The thiamylal sparing effect of midazolam was studied in 30 healthy Beagle and mixed-breed dogs. Using a replicated Latin square design, all dogs were given placebo (saline solution) and 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mg of midazolam/ kg of body weight prior to iv administration of thiamylal sodium. The 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg dosages significantly decreased the amount of thiamylal required to obtund swallowing reflex and easily achieve endotracheal intubation. Midazolam at 0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg reduced thiamylal requirement by 16.4% and 18.9%, respectively, whereas the 0.05 mg/kg dosage decreased thiamylal requirement by only 6.8%. The 0.2 mg/kg dosage did not further decrease thiamylal requirement beyond that achieved with the 0.1 mg/kg dosage of midazolam. This study demonstrates that the preanesthetic iv administration of midazolam reduces the thiamylal dose necessary to accomplish intubation. The optimal preanesthetic dosage (lowest dosage with significant effect) was 0.1 mg/kg.

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