Efficacy of nitroscanate against naturally acquired infection with Ancylostoma caninum, Dipylidium caninum, and Trichuris vulpis in dogs

T. M. Craig From the Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 (Craig, Mercer, Wade) and CIBA-GEIGY Corp, Agricultural Division, PO Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419 (Lynn).

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S. H. Mercer From the Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 (Craig, Mercer, Wade) and CIBA-GEIGY Corp, Agricultural Division, PO Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419 (Lynn).

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C. G. Wade From the Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 (Craig, Mercer, Wade) and CIBA-GEIGY Corp, Agricultural Division, PO Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419 (Lynn).

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R. C. Lynn From the Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 (Craig, Mercer, Wade) and CIBA-GEIGY Corp, Agricultural Division, PO Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419 (Lynn).

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SUMMARY

Eighteen dogs with naturally acquired helminth infections were used to evaluate the efficacy of nitroscanate against Ancylostoma caninum, Dipylidium caninum, and Trichuris vulpis. Approximately 15 minutes before treatment, the dogs were given 100 to 200 g of canned dog food. Ten dogs were treated with nitroscanate (50 mg/kg of body weight, po), and 8 dogs were given placebo tablets po. The dogs were euthanatized and necropsied 10 days after treatment and helminths were recovered from the small intestine and cecum. On the basis of the number of worms recovered from treated dogs vs the number recovered from control dogs, we determined the efficacy of nitroscanate to be 99.6% against A caninum, 99.8% against D caninum, and 0% against T vulpis.

SUMMARY

Eighteen dogs with naturally acquired helminth infections were used to evaluate the efficacy of nitroscanate against Ancylostoma caninum, Dipylidium caninum, and Trichuris vulpis. Approximately 15 minutes before treatment, the dogs were given 100 to 200 g of canned dog food. Ten dogs were treated with nitroscanate (50 mg/kg of body weight, po), and 8 dogs were given placebo tablets po. The dogs were euthanatized and necropsied 10 days after treatment and helminths were recovered from the small intestine and cecum. On the basis of the number of worms recovered from treated dogs vs the number recovered from control dogs, we determined the efficacy of nitroscanate to be 99.6% against A caninum, 99.8% against D caninum, and 0% against T vulpis.

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