In vitro and in vivo 2′,5′-oligoadenylate synthetase activity induced by recombinant DNA-derived bovine interferon αI1 in bovine alveolar macrophages and blood mononuclear cells

Sheryl P. Holland From the Departments of Veterinary Parasitology, Microbiology and Public Health (Holland, Fulton, Wyckoff, Fox) and Physiological Sciences (Short), College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.

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Robert W. Fulton From the Departments of Veterinary Parasitology, Microbiology and Public Health (Holland, Fulton, Wyckoff, Fox) and Physiological Sciences (Short), College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.

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Everett C. Short Jr. From the Departments of Veterinary Parasitology, Microbiology and Public Health (Holland, Fulton, Wyckoff, Fox) and Physiological Sciences (Short), College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.

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John H. Wyckoff III From the Departments of Veterinary Parasitology, Microbiology and Public Health (Holland, Fulton, Wyckoff, Fox) and Physiological Sciences (Short), College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.

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J. C. Fox From the Departments of Veterinary Parasitology, Microbiology and Public Health (Holland, Fulton, Wyckoff, Fox) and Physiological Sciences (Short), College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.

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SUMMARY

Biological responses to recombinant dna-derived bovine interferon α (rBoifn-αI1) by bovine alveolar macrophages were examined by measuring viral yield reduction and 2′,5′-oligoadenylate synthetase (2′,5′-oas) production by ifn-treated cells. In vitro ifn pretreatment of alveolar macrophages reduced viral yield in cultures challenged exposed with parainfluenza-3 virus, compared with control cultures. In vitro treatment of alveolar macrophages with ifn also resulted in increased 2′,5′-oas activity. The 2′,5′-oas activity was measured in alveolar macrophages and blood mononuclear leukocytes of calves injected im with 3.6 × 106 U of rBoifn-αI1/kg of body weight. The ifn action was monitored by measuring 2′,5′-oas activity of blood mononuclear leukocytes beginning 6 days before and ending 24 hours after ifn treatment. The 2′,5′-oas activity in the blood mononuclear leukocytes sharply increased 24 hours after ifn treatment, indicating response to ifn. The alveolar macrophages collected from the same calves 24 hours after ifn administration also had increased 2′,5′-oas activity, compared with alveolar macrophages from the same calves collected 6 days before treatment. Increased 2′,5′-oas activity indicates: a possible mechanism of ifn action in cattle that may be responsible for viral yield reduction; potential use of high enzyme activity as a marker for ifn induction; and potential use of 2′,5′-oas activity as a marker for determining effects of ifn on bovine macrophages and other cells of the bovine immune system.

SUMMARY

Biological responses to recombinant dna-derived bovine interferon α (rBoifn-αI1) by bovine alveolar macrophages were examined by measuring viral yield reduction and 2′,5′-oligoadenylate synthetase (2′,5′-oas) production by ifn-treated cells. In vitro ifn pretreatment of alveolar macrophages reduced viral yield in cultures challenged exposed with parainfluenza-3 virus, compared with control cultures. In vitro treatment of alveolar macrophages with ifn also resulted in increased 2′,5′-oas activity. The 2′,5′-oas activity was measured in alveolar macrophages and blood mononuclear leukocytes of calves injected im with 3.6 × 106 U of rBoifn-αI1/kg of body weight. The ifn action was monitored by measuring 2′,5′-oas activity of blood mononuclear leukocytes beginning 6 days before and ending 24 hours after ifn treatment. The 2′,5′-oas activity in the blood mononuclear leukocytes sharply increased 24 hours after ifn treatment, indicating response to ifn. The alveolar macrophages collected from the same calves 24 hours after ifn administration also had increased 2′,5′-oas activity, compared with alveolar macrophages from the same calves collected 6 days before treatment. Increased 2′,5′-oas activity indicates: a possible mechanism of ifn action in cattle that may be responsible for viral yield reduction; potential use of high enzyme activity as a marker for ifn induction; and potential use of 2′,5′-oas activity as a marker for determining effects of ifn on bovine macrophages and other cells of the bovine immune system.

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