Influence of polysulfated glycosaminoglycan on equine articular cartilage in explant culture

J. P. Caron From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.

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 DVM, MVSc
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S. W. Eberhart From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.

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R. Nachreiner From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.

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 DVM, PhD

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SUMMARY

Articular cartilage explants from 3 horses were maintained in tissue culture to test the effects of a polysulfated glycosaminoglycan on proteoglycan biosynthesis. Cultures were exposed to concentrations of 0, 50, or 200 μg of the drug/ml for either 2 days or 6 days, and labeled with 35S, before measuring the content of sulfated proteoglycan in the culture media and in extracts of cartilage. In a second experiment, the explants were incubated with the isotope and subsequently exposed to the same concentrations of the polysulfated glycosaminoglycan for 4 days. Subsequently, the amount of remaining labeled proteoglycan was determined. Gel filtration chromatography was used to compare the hydrodynamic size of proteoglycans from the cartilage explants in each experiment.

Polysulfated glycosaminoglycan caused a dose-dependent depression of sulfated proteoglycan synthesis, which was statistically significant after 6 days of exposure. Radioactive proteoglycan content in explants was similar in the experiment involving isotopic labeling prior to exposure to the drug. Proteoglycan monomer size was similar in all treatment groups. It was concluded that polysulfated glycosaminoglycan caused a modest depression in proteoglycan synthesis, had little effect on endogenous proteoglycan degradation, and did not influence the size of sulfated proteoglycans synthesized by normal equine chondrocytes in explant culture.

SUMMARY

Articular cartilage explants from 3 horses were maintained in tissue culture to test the effects of a polysulfated glycosaminoglycan on proteoglycan biosynthesis. Cultures were exposed to concentrations of 0, 50, or 200 μg of the drug/ml for either 2 days or 6 days, and labeled with 35S, before measuring the content of sulfated proteoglycan in the culture media and in extracts of cartilage. In a second experiment, the explants were incubated with the isotope and subsequently exposed to the same concentrations of the polysulfated glycosaminoglycan for 4 days. Subsequently, the amount of remaining labeled proteoglycan was determined. Gel filtration chromatography was used to compare the hydrodynamic size of proteoglycans from the cartilage explants in each experiment.

Polysulfated glycosaminoglycan caused a dose-dependent depression of sulfated proteoglycan synthesis, which was statistically significant after 6 days of exposure. Radioactive proteoglycan content in explants was similar in the experiment involving isotopic labeling prior to exposure to the drug. Proteoglycan monomer size was similar in all treatment groups. It was concluded that polysulfated glycosaminoglycan caused a modest depression in proteoglycan synthesis, had little effect on endogenous proteoglycan degradation, and did not influence the size of sulfated proteoglycans synthesized by normal equine chondrocytes in explant culture.

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