Identification of Mycoplasma gallisepticum by use of monoclonal antibody in a rapid slide agglutination test

Mohamad A. Morsy From the Deportment of Animal Health Research, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station System, 129 Sugg Laboratory, and Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849.

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 DVM, MS
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Victor S. Panangala From the Deportment of Animal Health Research, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station System, 129 Sugg Laboratory, and Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849.

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 DVM, PhD
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Martha M. Gresham From the Deportment of Animal Health Research, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station System, 129 Sugg Laboratory, and Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849.

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 PhD

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SUMMARY

Monoclonal antibody (MAb) against Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain PG31 was produced in BALB/c mice. The MAb (designated M9) was of IgG3 isotype and reacted with an epitope in M gallisepticum antigens with molecular weights of 35, 90, 95, and 98 kilodaltons (kDa). The M9 reacted with M gallisepticum antigens in the dotblot elisa and in western blot assays. It agglutinated M gallisepticum strains PG31, F, R, S6, A5969, and 9 field isolates from various sources. A coagglutination assay, using Staphylococcus aureus (Cowan strain 1), was developed to enhance the agglutination of some weakly agglutinating M gallisepticum isolates. The M9 did not react with M synoviae, M iowae, M meleagridis, M gallinarum, or M gallinaceum in any of the aforementioned assays. This MAb may be useful in facilitating laboratory diagnosis of M gallisepticum infections.

SUMMARY

Monoclonal antibody (MAb) against Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain PG31 was produced in BALB/c mice. The MAb (designated M9) was of IgG3 isotype and reacted with an epitope in M gallisepticum antigens with molecular weights of 35, 90, 95, and 98 kilodaltons (kDa). The M9 reacted with M gallisepticum antigens in the dotblot elisa and in western blot assays. It agglutinated M gallisepticum strains PG31, F, R, S6, A5969, and 9 field isolates from various sources. A coagglutination assay, using Staphylococcus aureus (Cowan strain 1), was developed to enhance the agglutination of some weakly agglutinating M gallisepticum isolates. The M9 did not react with M synoviae, M iowae, M meleagridis, M gallinarum, or M gallinaceum in any of the aforementioned assays. This MAb may be useful in facilitating laboratory diagnosis of M gallisepticum infections.

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