Effect of acute acidemia on blood biochemical variables in healthy ponies

K. A. Gossett From the Departments of Veterinary Pathology (Gossett, Cleghorn), Veterinary Science (French), and Experimental Statistics (Church), Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

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D. D. French From the Departments of Veterinary Pathology (Gossett, Cleghorn), Veterinary Science (French), and Experimental Statistics (Church), Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

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B. Cleghorn From the Departments of Veterinary Pathology (Gossett, Cleghorn), Veterinary Science (French), and Experimental Statistics (Church), Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

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G. E. Church From the Departments of Veterinary Pathology (Gossett, Cleghorn), Veterinary Science (French), and Experimental Statistics (Church), Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

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SUMMARY

l-Lactic acid and d, l-lactic acid infusion in ponies resulted in metabolic acidosis with high anion gap (ag). Increased ag was explained entirely by increased blood l- and d-lactate concentrations. Hydrochloric acid infusion caused metabolic acidosis with decreased ag. Saline (NaCl) infusion caused mild metabolic acidosis, with no significant change in ag.

Plasma K+ concentration was decreased by all types of infusions, with a maximum of 0.50, 0.25, 0.40, 0.50 mmol/L below baseline at the end of infusion in the l-lactic acid-, d,l-lactic acid-, HC1-, and NaCl-infused ponies, respectively. Only hydrochloric acid had a tendency to increase plasma K+ concentration.

Hypophosphatemia developed in NaCl- and HCl-infused ponies, but not in the d, l-lactic acid-infused ponies. Serum inorganic phosphate concentration in l-lactic acid-infused ponies increased initially, but was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than values in the other ponies at 4 hours after onset of infusion.

In ponies, the effect of acidemia on plasma K+ and serum inorganic phosphate concentrations was similar to that reported for other species. Changes were small in magnitude and depended on the nature of the acid anion. Results indicate that large changes in plasma K+ and serum inorganic phosphate concentrations during acidosis are probably not a direct result of acidemia.

SUMMARY

l-Lactic acid and d, l-lactic acid infusion in ponies resulted in metabolic acidosis with high anion gap (ag). Increased ag was explained entirely by increased blood l- and d-lactate concentrations. Hydrochloric acid infusion caused metabolic acidosis with decreased ag. Saline (NaCl) infusion caused mild metabolic acidosis, with no significant change in ag.

Plasma K+ concentration was decreased by all types of infusions, with a maximum of 0.50, 0.25, 0.40, 0.50 mmol/L below baseline at the end of infusion in the l-lactic acid-, d,l-lactic acid-, HC1-, and NaCl-infused ponies, respectively. Only hydrochloric acid had a tendency to increase plasma K+ concentration.

Hypophosphatemia developed in NaCl- and HCl-infused ponies, but not in the d, l-lactic acid-infused ponies. Serum inorganic phosphate concentration in l-lactic acid-infused ponies increased initially, but was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than values in the other ponies at 4 hours after onset of infusion.

In ponies, the effect of acidemia on plasma K+ and serum inorganic phosphate concentrations was similar to that reported for other species. Changes were small in magnitude and depended on the nature of the acid anion. Results indicate that large changes in plasma K+ and serum inorganic phosphate concentrations during acidosis are probably not a direct result of acidemia.

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