In vitro migration responses of neutrophils from cows and calves

D. P. Olson From the Department of Veterinary Science, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83843.

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 DVM, PhD

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SUMMARY

The directional (chemotactic) and random migration activities of neutrophils from cows and newborn and 2-week-old calves were determined by use of the chemotaxis-under-agarose assay. Blood samples were stored for 2, 24, or 48 hours and at 4 or 25 C before testing. During the assay, cells were incubated at 17, 27, or 37 C.

The assay was found suitable for testing the directional and random migration activities of neutrophils from cattle. Directional migration of neutrophils was diminished (P ≤ 0.05) when cells were incubated at 17 or 27 C, compared with data from incubation at 37 C. Random migration of neutrophils was unaffected by test incubation temperature. Significant (P ≤ 0.05) differences were found between cows and calves regarding the percentage number and viability and the directional and random migration activities of neutrophils. Neutrophils from cows were adversely affected to a greater extent by prolonged sample storage times or low storage temperature than were neutrophils from calves. Results indicate that a sample storage time of up to 24 hours, a sample storage temperature of 25 C, and a test incubation temperature of 37 C provided optimal conditions for testing the migratory activities of neutrophils from cattle.

SUMMARY

The directional (chemotactic) and random migration activities of neutrophils from cows and newborn and 2-week-old calves were determined by use of the chemotaxis-under-agarose assay. Blood samples were stored for 2, 24, or 48 hours and at 4 or 25 C before testing. During the assay, cells were incubated at 17, 27, or 37 C.

The assay was found suitable for testing the directional and random migration activities of neutrophils from cattle. Directional migration of neutrophils was diminished (P ≤ 0.05) when cells were incubated at 17 or 27 C, compared with data from incubation at 37 C. Random migration of neutrophils was unaffected by test incubation temperature. Significant (P ≤ 0.05) differences were found between cows and calves regarding the percentage number and viability and the directional and random migration activities of neutrophils. Neutrophils from cows were adversely affected to a greater extent by prolonged sample storage times or low storage temperature than were neutrophils from calves. Results indicate that a sample storage time of up to 24 hours, a sample storage temperature of 25 C, and a test incubation temperature of 37 C provided optimal conditions for testing the migratory activities of neutrophils from cattle.

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