Urinary indices of renal function in sheep with induced aminoglycoside nephrotoxicosis

Franklyn Garry From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Dennis J. Chew From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Glen F. Hoffsis From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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SUMMARY

Aminoglycoside nephrotoxicosis (agnt) was induced in ewes by daily sc administration of gentamicin. Changes in urinary indices of renal function during the development of agnt are reported. Measurements from timed, volume-measured urine samples were made on days 0, 7, and 8 and included creatinine clearance, total excretion (te) rates of electrolytes (Na, K, Cl, P) and urine volume. Measurements from free-catch urine samples (without volume measurement) were made daily and included fractional excretion (fe) rate of electrolytes, urine osmolality, and urine-to-serum osmolality and urine-to-serum creatinine ratios. With the onset of agnt, FE rates of Na, K, Cl, and P increased many fold above baseline values (200 ×, 4 to 5 ×, 6 to 9 ×, and 70 to 95 ×, respectively, on days 7 and 8), indicating decreased tubular reabsorption or increased tubular secretion. The increased FE rates were not representative of increases in total electrolyte excretion rates. The total excretion of Na (TENa) was mildly increased, TEK was decreased, TECl was unchanged, and TEP was significantly increased on days 7 and 8. Abnormal urinalysis results, glucosuria, and increased FEP preceded appreciable increase in serum creatinine concentration. Other abnormal urinary indices of renal function coincided with or followed the increase in serum creatinine concentration. Urinary indices may help characterize renal function associated with the disease state, but did not provide early indication of agnt.

SUMMARY

Aminoglycoside nephrotoxicosis (agnt) was induced in ewes by daily sc administration of gentamicin. Changes in urinary indices of renal function during the development of agnt are reported. Measurements from timed, volume-measured urine samples were made on days 0, 7, and 8 and included creatinine clearance, total excretion (te) rates of electrolytes (Na, K, Cl, P) and urine volume. Measurements from free-catch urine samples (without volume measurement) were made daily and included fractional excretion (fe) rate of electrolytes, urine osmolality, and urine-to-serum osmolality and urine-to-serum creatinine ratios. With the onset of agnt, FE rates of Na, K, Cl, and P increased many fold above baseline values (200 ×, 4 to 5 ×, 6 to 9 ×, and 70 to 95 ×, respectively, on days 7 and 8), indicating decreased tubular reabsorption or increased tubular secretion. The increased FE rates were not representative of increases in total electrolyte excretion rates. The total excretion of Na (TENa) was mildly increased, TEK was decreased, TECl was unchanged, and TEP was significantly increased on days 7 and 8. Abnormal urinalysis results, glucosuria, and increased FEP preceded appreciable increase in serum creatinine concentration. Other abnormal urinary indices of renal function coincided with or followed the increase in serum creatinine concentration. Urinary indices may help characterize renal function associated with the disease state, but did not provide early indication of agnt.

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