Platelet aggregation studies in dogs with acute Ehrlichia platys infection

Stephen D. Gaunt From the Department of Veterinary Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

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Dale C. Baker From the Department of Veterinary Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

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Shirley S. Babin From the Department of Veterinary Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

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SUMMARY

Ten adult dogs (5 Beagles and 5 mixed-breed dogs) were inoculated IV with canine platelets containing Ehrlichia platys. Inclusions and morulae of E platys developed in platelets of infected dogs at 10 to 14 days after inoculation, followed by marked thrombocytopenia at 14 to 21 days. Parasitemia and marked thrombocytopenia recurred at 24 to 28 days after inoculation. Increased numbers of megakaryocytes were observed in marrow aspirate smears from infected dogs, indicative of regenerative thrombocytopenia. Prior to infection, platelet-rich plasma from these dogs was determined to have similar aggregatory response to arachidonate. After infection with E platys, the aggregatory response of platelet-rich plasma to collagen or 3 dilutions of adenosine diphosphate was evaluated. A statistically significant (P < 0.05) inhibition of platelet aggregatory response to the lowest dilution of adenosine diphosphate was detected for mixed-breed dogs, whereas aggregation responses were unchanged in Beagles. Results indicate that platelet activation may occur in dogs with acute ehrlichial infection.

SUMMARY

Ten adult dogs (5 Beagles and 5 mixed-breed dogs) were inoculated IV with canine platelets containing Ehrlichia platys. Inclusions and morulae of E platys developed in platelets of infected dogs at 10 to 14 days after inoculation, followed by marked thrombocytopenia at 14 to 21 days. Parasitemia and marked thrombocytopenia recurred at 24 to 28 days after inoculation. Increased numbers of megakaryocytes were observed in marrow aspirate smears from infected dogs, indicative of regenerative thrombocytopenia. Prior to infection, platelet-rich plasma from these dogs was determined to have similar aggregatory response to arachidonate. After infection with E platys, the aggregatory response of platelet-rich plasma to collagen or 3 dilutions of adenosine diphosphate was evaluated. A statistically significant (P < 0.05) inhibition of platelet aggregatory response to the lowest dilution of adenosine diphosphate was detected for mixed-breed dogs, whereas aggregation responses were unchanged in Beagles. Results indicate that platelet activation may occur in dogs with acute ehrlichial infection.

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