Endometrial concentrations of ampicillin in mares after intrauterine infusion of the drug

C. C. Love From the Section of Reproductive Studies, Department of Clinical Studies at New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kennett Square, PA 19348.

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P. J. Strzemienski From the Section of Reproductive Studies, Department of Clinical Studies at New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kennett Square, PA 19348.

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R. M. Kenney From the Section of Reproductive Studies, Department of Clinical Studies at New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kennett Square, PA 19348.

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SUMMARY

Serum concentration of ampicillin, a semisynthetic penicillin, was measured in mares at various time intervals up to 24 hours after intrauterine infusion of 3 g of ampicillin. Blood samples were drawn immediately before infusion and at 1-, 4-, 10- and 24-hour intervals after infusion. At postinfusion hour 24, two endometrial biopsy specimens were obtained to measure endometrial concentrations of ampicillin. Blood was drawn twice as part of the 24-hour postinfusion sample collection, once before removal of the biopsy specimens and again 5 minutes after removal of the biopsy specimens.

After drug infusion, more diestrous mares had detectable serum ampicillin concentration than did estrous mares for all samples, except the 24-hour prebiopsy sample. None of the 24-hour prebiopsy serum samples had detectable ampicillin concentration, but ampicillin was detected in the serum of 4 of 5 diestrous mares after endometrial biopsy.

Endometrial concentrations of ampicillin were detectable at postinfusion hour 24 in estrous and diestrous mares, but were not different. All 24-hour biopsy specimens had ampicillin concentrations greater than the ampicillin minimal inhibitory concentration.

SUMMARY

Serum concentration of ampicillin, a semisynthetic penicillin, was measured in mares at various time intervals up to 24 hours after intrauterine infusion of 3 g of ampicillin. Blood samples were drawn immediately before infusion and at 1-, 4-, 10- and 24-hour intervals after infusion. At postinfusion hour 24, two endometrial biopsy specimens were obtained to measure endometrial concentrations of ampicillin. Blood was drawn twice as part of the 24-hour postinfusion sample collection, once before removal of the biopsy specimens and again 5 minutes after removal of the biopsy specimens.

After drug infusion, more diestrous mares had detectable serum ampicillin concentration than did estrous mares for all samples, except the 24-hour prebiopsy sample. None of the 24-hour prebiopsy serum samples had detectable ampicillin concentration, but ampicillin was detected in the serum of 4 of 5 diestrous mares after endometrial biopsy.

Endometrial concentrations of ampicillin were detectable at postinfusion hour 24 in estrous and diestrous mares, but were not different. All 24-hour biopsy specimens had ampicillin concentrations greater than the ampicillin minimal inhibitory concentration.

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