Effect of gentamicin administration on the neuromuscular blockade induced by atracurium in cats

Sandra F. Forsyth From the Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

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Jan E. Ilkiw From the Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

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Susan V. Hildebrand From the Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

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SUMMARY

Atracurium besylate, a nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, was administered as an infusion to 8 anesthetized cats in which neuromuscular blockade was assessed, using the train-of-four response. Once 50% depression of the first-twitch (T1) response was achieved, the infusion was held constant for 60 minutes before being discontinued and the recovery time was determined. The time for recovery was recorded as the time for the train-of-four ratio (T4 ratio) to increase from 50% to 75%. After-recovery, atracurium infusion was reinstituted and the cats were again maintained for 60 minutes at 50% depression. A single bolus of gentamicin sulfate (2.0 mg/kg of body weight) was administered iv, and the infusion was continued for another 60 minutes before it was discontinued and the time for recovery was recorded.

Within 1 minute of gentamicin administration, the mean ± SD T1 response decreased from 49 ± 5% to 33 ± 8% of baseline and the T4 ratio decreased from 28 ± 19% to 14 ± 11%. Peak effect occurred at 5 minutes, with a T1 response of 29 ± 6% of baseline and a T4 ratio of 13 ± 12%. By 60 minutes after gentamicin administration, the T1 response had increased to 38 ± 7% of baseline and the T4 ratio had increased to 21 ± 13%. The time for recovery significantly (P < 0.03) increased from 9.9 ± 3.4 minutes during the control study to 18.1 ± 10.7 minutes during the gentamicin study.

In this study, gentamicin potentiated the neuromuscular blockade induced by atracurium and increased the recovery time. Residual blockade, observed after gentamicin administration was reversed with edrophonium.

SUMMARY

Atracurium besylate, a nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, was administered as an infusion to 8 anesthetized cats in which neuromuscular blockade was assessed, using the train-of-four response. Once 50% depression of the first-twitch (T1) response was achieved, the infusion was held constant for 60 minutes before being discontinued and the recovery time was determined. The time for recovery was recorded as the time for the train-of-four ratio (T4 ratio) to increase from 50% to 75%. After-recovery, atracurium infusion was reinstituted and the cats were again maintained for 60 minutes at 50% depression. A single bolus of gentamicin sulfate (2.0 mg/kg of body weight) was administered iv, and the infusion was continued for another 60 minutes before it was discontinued and the time for recovery was recorded.

Within 1 minute of gentamicin administration, the mean ± SD T1 response decreased from 49 ± 5% to 33 ± 8% of baseline and the T4 ratio decreased from 28 ± 19% to 14 ± 11%. Peak effect occurred at 5 minutes, with a T1 response of 29 ± 6% of baseline and a T4 ratio of 13 ± 12%. By 60 minutes after gentamicin administration, the T1 response had increased to 38 ± 7% of baseline and the T4 ratio had increased to 21 ± 13%. The time for recovery significantly (P < 0.03) increased from 9.9 ± 3.4 minutes during the control study to 18.1 ± 10.7 minutes during the gentamicin study.

In this study, gentamicin potentiated the neuromuscular blockade induced by atracurium and increased the recovery time. Residual blockade, observed after gentamicin administration was reversed with edrophonium.

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