Quantitative morphologic study of the pituitary and thyroid glands of dogs administered l-thyroxine

David L. Panciera From the Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706.

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Clarke E. Atkins From the Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706.

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William T. K. Bosu From the Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706.

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E. Gregory MacEwen From the Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706.

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SUMMARY

To determine the effects of long-term thyroxine treatment, histomorphometric analysis was performed on the pituitary and thyroid glands of healthy dogs, dogs treated for 9 weeks with a replacement dose of l-thyroxine, and dogs at 6 weeks after cessation of thyroxine treatment. In treated dogs, the volume density of thyrotropes decreased during thyroxine treatment and increased 6 weeks after cessation of treatment, compared with thyrotropes of healthy nontreated dogs. The activity of the thyroid gland was decreased in dogs during thyroxine treatment, as evidenced by decreases in epithelial volume density, epithelial height, and follicular area, and increase in colloid volume density, compared with thyroid gland activity in nontreated dogs. After cessation of thyroxine treatment, the thyroid gland had decreased colloid area, follicular area, and epithelial volume density, and increased interstitial volume density, compared with the thyroid gland of healthy nontreated dogs. Thyroxine treatment resulted in suppression of pituitary thyrotropes and thyroid follicular activity.

SUMMARY

To determine the effects of long-term thyroxine treatment, histomorphometric analysis was performed on the pituitary and thyroid glands of healthy dogs, dogs treated for 9 weeks with a replacement dose of l-thyroxine, and dogs at 6 weeks after cessation of thyroxine treatment. In treated dogs, the volume density of thyrotropes decreased during thyroxine treatment and increased 6 weeks after cessation of treatment, compared with thyrotropes of healthy nontreated dogs. The activity of the thyroid gland was decreased in dogs during thyroxine treatment, as evidenced by decreases in epithelial volume density, epithelial height, and follicular area, and increase in colloid volume density, compared with thyroid gland activity in nontreated dogs. After cessation of thyroxine treatment, the thyroid gland had decreased colloid area, follicular area, and epithelial volume density, and increased interstitial volume density, compared with the thyroid gland of healthy nontreated dogs. Thyroxine treatment resulted in suppression of pituitary thyrotropes and thyroid follicular activity.

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