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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To provide a video tutorial on how to perform an alternate method for urethral catheterization, the 2-catheter technique.

ANIMALS

Small female cats and dogs that are too small for concurrent digital palpation (generally < 10 kg).

METHODS

A larger red rubber catheter (18 Fr in dogs, and 10 Fr in cats) is gently fed into the vaginal canal and reflected dorsally, then a smaller urethral catheter can be introduced ventrally, angling downwards at a 45° angle, into the urethral orifice for urinary catheterization.

RESULTS

The 2-catheter method is a useful alternative in petite female cats and dogs to improve rates of successful catheterization.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

The inability to perform concurrent digital palpation in petite female dogs and cats can make urinary catheterization more challenging due to the inability to palpate locoregional anatomic landmarks and without the added manipulation of the catheter tip during placement. Using a second, larger catheter to occlude the vaginal canal similarly to how a finger would during digital palpation can aid in successful catheterization in this challenging subset of veterinary patients.

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

In human females without symptoms of lower urinary tract infection, asymptomatic bacteriuria is defined as the presence of ≥ 10 5 CFUs/mL of a single bacterial pathogen in 2 consecutive midstream urine specimens. 1,2 Asymptomatic bacteriuria is

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

veterinary technicians are, and historically have been, female. 9 Of 105,000 US veterinarians actively practicing in 2015, 58% were women, and more than 80% of new graduates were women. 10,11 This represents a dramatic shift from the demographic 50 years

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

protocols and equipment. 13 Materials and Methods Animals –-The study included 11 female spayed cats that had been relinquished by their owners because of variable combinations of stranguria, hematuria, pollakiuria, and inappropriate urinations. Cats

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, consequently, the secretion of progesterone would be deleterious and terminate pregnancy. 3,4 The purpose of the study reported here was to determine the effect of the reproductive state of female alpacas (ie, maiden [never bred before], barren [bred but

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

common cause of urinary incontinence in juvenile female dogs, accounting for over 50% of affected dogs in 1 study, 5 compared with only 5% of incontinent adult dogs. The embryological foundation of this condition is thought to result from the abnormal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

ephedrine. Despite these observations, the use of orally administered α-adrenoceptor agonists for treatment of female dogs with USMI has been rewarding. The success rate associated with the use of these drugs is high; moreover, they are inexpensive, and no

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Acquired urinary incontinence in female dogs is a recognized long-term sequela to OHE. Previous studies 1–3 report a prevalence of up to 20%. Reported risk factors have included specific breeds, medium to large stature, tail docking, and obesity

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

contemporary preliminary guidelines for the morphological evaluation of rabbit bone marrow in conjunction with CBC results for healthy juvenile female New Zealand White rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ), the rabbit species most commonly used in biomedical

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

A 5-year-old 1.0-kg (2.2-lb) sexually intact female guinea pig ( Cavia porcellus ) was referred to a veterinary teaching hospital for evaluation of mild dysuria and the presence of a subcutaneous mass located cranioventral to the urogenital

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association