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clinically important bug-drug combinations in human medicine. 12 In at least production animal settings, veterinary AMU similarly seems to be the strongest correlate of AMR in animals. 13 Given that antimicrobials are not used at scale in wildlife, one

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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anthropogenic activity. In veterinary medicine, spread to this environmental domain is likely most typified by wildlife. Antimicrobials are produced naturally by many microbes across much of Earth’s biome, and thus AMR can be found in many ecosystems even in

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

since, with a small number of subtypes that established endemic infection in humans as seasonal influenza. The virus is well documented to infect numerous bird and mammal species, including domestic and wildlife. Wild birds, primarily waterfowl, are the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

% of1,415 infectious organisms pathogenic to humans are zoonotic. 3 Most wild animal populations have not been evaluated for their potential to act as a reservoir for zoonotic pathogens; thus, the role of wildlife in the transmission of zoonotic

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of the current study was to investigate the presence of dermatophytes on the haircoat of wild eastern cottontail rabbits (ECR) ( Sylvilagus floridanus) with and without skin lesions admitted to the Wildlife Medical Clinic (WMC) at the University of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective—To evaluate the risks associated with wildlife rehabilitation and the reemergence of wildlife rabies in North Carolina through assessment of the status of knowledge and attitudes of licensed in-state wildlife rehabilitators about rabies and rabies vector species (RVS).

Design—Questionnaire survey.

Sample Population—672 North Carolina licensed wildlife rehabilitators registered in 1999.

Procedure—Wildlife rehabilitators were contacted by mail to determine their status of knowledge and attitudes regarding rabies and RVS. The questionnaire was designed to determine rehabilitators' recent experiences with RVS, attitudes toward regulations, and knowledge of rabies virus transmission. Results were analyzed by use of the χ2 test.

Results—Questionnaire responses were provided by 210 of the 672 (31.3%) wildlife rehabilitators. Among rehabilitators, there were some inconsistencies in their knowledge base regarding rabies (eg, 25% reported that they did not know at what age animals were capable of transmitting rabies virus). Most respondents were amenable to all proposed licensing prerequisites for handling RVS (ie, record keeping, additional training, and veterinarian support). Respondents reported > 580 calls annually about rehabilitating RVS, and 80% believed at least some of their peers were rehabilitating RVS illegally.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—With the establishment of rabies as a disease that is endemic among wildlife species in North Carolina, educational efforts directed at wildlife rehabilitators (a subpopulation of residents potentially at high risk of rabies virus infection) would have direct and indirect public health benefits; similar efforts may be useful to public health communities elsewhere in the United States. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;227:1568–1572)

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

on wildlife, little consideration has been given to the contribution of owned and feral cats to fecal pollution. Results of several studies 13,14 suggest that pet feces contribute to bacterial loading of streams and coastal waters. A study 15 of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

This research reflected the air quality of urban areas of Korea. However, it failed to reveal any lung histological information on various animals such as zoo, wildlife, and companion animals. Our study includes a diversity of animals (mammalian, avian

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

including hurricanes, flooding, droughts, and fires. 2 As a result, wildlife species not only face the continued exploitation, degradation, and destruction of their habitat from human activities, but they also face additional, accelerated, and potentially

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association