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The value of odors for promoting psychologic wellbeing is well documented in the human medical literature. Results of research suggest that both mood 1–3 and behavior 4–6 can be influenced by odors. The scents of lavender, chamomile, and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

their own well-being. Over the past several years, there has been increased awareness of systems-level interventions and a desire to establish a more collaborative and coordinated effort to sustainably address all sectors of well-being throughout the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

The deleterious effects of noise, particularly noise-induced hearing loss, are well-known in human medicine. 1,2 Within the past 40 years, legislation has been passed and criteria established in the United States to protect against occupational

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

SUMMARY

A functional assay for equine plasminogen was established, using urokinase as the activator, a synthetic chromogenic substrate, a computer-assisted centrifugal analyzer, and acidified/neutralized plasma. One documented effect of plasma acidification appears to be inactivation of alpha-2-antiplasmin. Intra- and interassay precision testing yielded coefficients of variation of 4.1% (n = 10) and 5.6% (n = 26), respectively. Plasminogen was stable in equine plasma stored up to 1 week at 4 C and up to 5 months at − 70 C. Plasminogen in nonacidified equine plasma was not activated by urokinase, streptokinase, tissue plasminogen activator, or tissue plasminogen activator plus soluble fibrin. Streptokinase also failed to activate plasminogen in acidified/neutralized equine plasma.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

injury to the medial collateral, intercarpal, and carpometacarpal ligaments. Avulsion of the accessory carpal bone has been well documented in racing Greyhounds. This type of injury most commonly occurs in the right forelimb and is attributable to racing

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Annual wellness examinations enable veterinarians to identify health concerns early to provide effective treatment. Animal behaviors provide important insight into their health and welfare. In fact, current veterinary practice

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

strategic plan that developed was rooted in 4 foundational principles: health and well-being; diversity, equity, inclusion, and belonging; effective partnerships; and resource stewardship; each principal is embedded in all parts of the plan ( https

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

between ELISAs performed on serum and milk reflect an insufficient quality of published data on the sensitivity and specificity of these tests as well as averaging of test performance among diverse populations. * Necropsy represents the criterion

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Summary

Hemostasis was evaluated in cows with experimentally induced endotoxemia and mastitis, caused by intramammary infusion of endotoxin (1 mg) derived from Escherichia coli. Hemostatic tests included prothrombin time; activated partial thromboplastin time; thrombin time; fibrinogen, fibrin(ogen) degradation products, and platelet concentrations; and antithrombin-III and plasminogen activities. Significant alterations were observed in the mean values of most analytes (prothrombin time was increased; thrombin time was increased with subsequent decrease; activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen concentration, plasminogen activity, and platelet concentration were decreased; and antithrombin-III activity and fibrin(ogen) degradation products concentration were unchanged) at 1 or more postchallenge sample collection times (3, 12, or 24 hours) after endotoxin administration, compared with mean values obtained from samples prior to endotoxin administration. These data indicated activation of hemostatic mechanisms, initiated either directly by endotoxin or by inflammatory mediators released or produced in response to endotoxin infusion.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research