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reliably estimate the in situ volume of NP in clinical patients using advanced imaging such as MRI would be useful for veterinary surgeons to assess the effectiveness of fenestration in terms of the amount of NP removed and also to calculate the amount of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

surgical stimulation, which have opposing effects on splenic volume. 5 Computed tomography can be used to obtain images rapidly with little stress to patients. In humans, CT is accepted as an accurate tool to measure organ volume 6 by providing high

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

evaluation of transmitral and pulmonary venous flow, and TDI. 2,6–8 In human medicine, a new technique based on the 2-D speckle tracking method has been developed to calculate left atrial phasic sizes on the basis of the time-left atrial area or volume

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

General anesthesia of horses is commonly associated with respiratory depression and recumbency-related impairment of pulmonary gas exchange, which requires support in the form of volume-controlled or pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation. 1

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Choice of dosing volume and frequency for topical administration of ophthalmic drugs used in the treatment of horses with ocular diseases has historically been largely empirical. A major impediment to the development of more quantitatively

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

large-volume perfusate) or concentration gradient (such as that achieved with a small-volume perfusate) is the principal driving force behind antimicrobial movement. In humans, IV injection of a large-volume perfusate induces dilatation of venous

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

laparoscopic procedures, which results in capnoperitoneum. Although insufflators usually deliver CO 2 intra-abdominally until a predetermined IAP has been reached, the working space created in the abdomen during laparoscopy depends mainly on the volume of CO 2

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Stroke volume and EF are important factors for assessment of LV systolic function and provide information required for diagnosis and prognosis of cardiac diseases. Stroke volume is the volume of blood ejected during each heart contraction and is

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

uniform, and could have substantial implications on prognosis and postsurgical treatment recommendations for radiation therapy and chemotherapy. To our knowledge, data regarding changes in tumor size and volume immediately after excision and following

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

diseases in penguins and other species of birds. Because of 3-D volume rendering from cross-sectional images, CT allows quantitative estimation of volume. Few studies have been conducted in which air sac volume in birds 16–18 and lung volume in turtles

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research