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well as delay further diagnostics and treatment if a patient is not infected but is suspected to be. There are benefits to urine collection by cystocentesis or by voided urine sample. Cystocentesis avoids potential contamination of urine samples by

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Summary

A technique called voiding urohydropropulsion has been developed that facilitates nonsurgical removal of urocystoliths. Voiding urohydropropulsion was performed in 11 dogs and 10 cats with urocystoliths. Urocystoliths were completely removed from 15 of 21 animals (5 female dogs, 3 male dogs, 5 female cats, and 1 male cat). The number of uroliths removed from any animal varied between 1 and 983. The mean time required to complete voiding urohydropropulsion in the 15 animals from which all uroliths were completely removed was 22 minutes. In 6 animals (2 female dogs, 3 female cats, and 1 male cat), not all urocystoliths were removed. Visible hematuria was induced in all animals as a consequence of voiding urohydropropulsion. In dogs, visible hematuria resolved within 4 hours. Dysuria was not induced by this technique in dogs. In many cats, visible hematuria and dysuria persisted for 1 to 2 days. One male cat developed urethral obstruction after we failed to remove a urolith from the bladder. The urolith was returned to the urinary bladder, and subsequently removed by cystotomy. Voiding urohydropropulsion is a simple and effective method that should be considered for removal of small urocystoliths from dogs and cats before cystotomy is performed.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, so the accurate identification of GI bleeding can guide diagnostics to identify GI ulceration or neoplasia. Fecal samples for use with FOBTs can either be obtained from naturally voided (NV) samples or via direct rectal examination (DRE). As canine

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

stranguria that lasted several minutes, followed by voidance of a large volume of urine. Prior to the patient voiding a large volume of urine, the urinary bladder was not palpable during physical examination. Other abnormalities detected included a grade 2

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

voided. Results of analyses of urine for markers of the release of different catecholamines can better characterize the metabolic changes associated with exercise that are responsible for maintaining increased perfusion, blood pressure, and other physical

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

accordance with established principles. 16 Informed consent was obtained for client-owned cats; the study was approved by an institutional animal care and use committee. Collection and storage of urine samples Samples of voided urine were obtained

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

combined with increased urethral tone leads to incomplete voiding of urine from the bladder. 5 The methods for managing bladder dysfunction in patients with spinal cord injury (manual expression, an indwelling catheter, or intermittent catheterization

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

spontaneously voided (typically urocystoliths ≥ 4 mm in diameter in males and ≥ 5 mm in diameter in females) or if urethroliths were associated with partial or complete urethral obstruction. The cost of management of uroliths by this technique was partially

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

/lb], SC) was administered after anesthetic recovery, followed by orally administered meloxicam (0.05 mg/kg, q 24 h) for an additional 2 days. Dogs were monitored for voiding after the procedure and were discharged from the hospital after they were able to

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

study reported here was to evaluate urine variables in an apparently healthy population of chinchillas to contribute to and enhance the minimal clinicopathologic database available for this species. Materials and Methods Animals Voided urine

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association