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obstruction in the urinary tract of affected dogs, which can seriously affect their quality of life. 1 The pathogenesis of canine urolithiasis is still unclear, and the causes of the disease are generally considered to be broad, such as dietary habits, body

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction Obstructive urolithiasis is a commonly encountered emergency condition of small ruminants. 1 Treatment outcome is unpredictable, and temporary tube cystostomy under general anesthesia is prohibitively expensive and unavailable in

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

large cross-sectional analysis, CKD was found to affect approximately 13% of people in the United States, and prevalence of the disease from 1999 to 2004 was higher than it was from 1988 to 19947 Urolithiasis and, more specifically, nephrolithiasis, are

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Although urolithiasis is a common problem in chelonians, most of the scientific literature on the subject is limited to case reports or case series in chelonians 1–5 and other reptile species. 6–9 In reptiles, clinical signs associated with

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

not treated when the animals were raised to enter the food chain. Obstructive urolithiasis in pigs is challenging to effectively diagnose and treat. This article provides an overview of diagnostic and treatment considerations to help veterinarians

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

uroliths was highest in moose, wildebeest, and goats. During this time period, 42% of goat uroliths submitted to this facility were composed of calcium carbonate. 6 Urinary tract obstructions resulting from complications of urolithiasis in goats have been

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Urolithiasis typically develops through the aggregation of mineral crystals in urine, which eventually impedes the flow of urine and causes irritation of the urinary mucosa. 1 The physiologic and pathological factors involved in urolithiasis

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

causing hydronephrosis and hydroureter is unknown in ferrets. 2 In cases of unilateral obstruction, adequate function of the remaining kidney may delay diagnosis. Female ferrets that are severely affected by urolithiasis may develop rectal or vaginal

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

were within reference ranges. 1 Urinalysis revealed mild hematuria and proteinuria. Results of the physical examination, radiography, and clinicopathologic analyses were consistent with urolithiasis and gastrointestinal stasis. Figure 1— Lateral

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

urinary tracts. 19,25–27 Marretta et al 28 first reported concurrent ammonium urate urolithiasis in a series of 6 dogs with PSSs. Since then, retrospective studies 19,21,25,29,30 of dogs with PSSs have found a prevalence for urolithiasis at the time of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association