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Introduction Urethral catheterization is a common clinical skill performed by veterinary technicians, general practitioners, and specialists alike. While there is a learning curve to successfully placing urethral catheters in female cats and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

hour. The cat had a history of a urethral obstruction approximately 18 months before this visit. On physical examination, the cat had signs of discomfort on urinary bladder palpation, although the bladder was small and soft. The cat was bright, alert

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

butorphanol tartrate for attempted placement of a urethral catheter. The catheter could not be passed into the urinary bladder, and when the catheter was flushed, the subcutaneous space in the perineal region was noted to expand. Decompressive cystocenteses

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

urethral patency, and hospitalization for monitoring and supportive care. An indwelling urethral catheter is placed to maintain urethral patency and allow monitoring of urine output during hospitalization. 10 The urethral catheter is typically removed once

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Urethral obstruction is a relatively common condition in domestic male cats that typically requires emergency treatment. 1 The pathophysiology of UO, expected physical examination findings, biochemical and acid-base abnormalities, and typical

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

consistent with intermittent urethral obstruction, including inability to pass urine during posturing. Hematologic and biochemical analyses were performed 6 weeks prior to referral. No abnormalities were detected on CBC; serum biochemical analysis revealed

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of abdominal pain, and vocalization. Urethral obstruction is a complication of FLUTD that can lead to postrenal azotemia and severe metabolic abnormalities. 4–6 Hyperkalemia is the most life-threatening derangement, resulting in altered cardiac

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Urethral obstruction in male cats is a serious and potentially life-threatening veterinary emergency and is most commonly associated with idiopathic cystitis and urethral plugs. 1–4 Treatment for urethral obstruction in cats includes correction

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

management of obstruction of the urethra include urethral stent placement, cystostomy tube placement, surgical diversion, and ultrasound-guided cystoscopic laser ablation. In many cases, owners elect euthanasia. 2,4 The use of long-term cystostomy tubes is

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

development of novel techniques to palliate the clinical signs associated with local disease. Stents have been sutured across malignant obstructions to maintain urethral patency with good results; however, use of that technique still requires surgery, and in 1

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association