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endochondral ossification, resulting from ischemic chondronecrosis of the vascular growth plate of the epiphysis, has also been proposed as a cause of SR. 10 , 11 The biomechanical forces within the developing stifle joint likely undergo modifications with

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

increased joint effusion is an important component of the orthopedic examination but can be challenging in the more proximal joints of the equine limb. 4 In particular, palpation of the joint compartments of the stifle can be affected by horse temperament

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

O steoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of significant lameness in equine stifles. 1 , 2 It was reported that OA in equine stifles predominantly occurs in the medial compartment of the femorotibial joint and cartilage damage on the medial femoral

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

The stifle joint is an important source of lameness in all types of horses. 1,2 Because of its clinical importance, anatomically normal stifle joints and stifle joints with pathological changes have been studied extensively via radiography 3

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

The stifle joint is the largest and the most complex of all the articulations in a horse and is composed of 2 joints: the femoropatellar and the femorotibial joints. 1 The femorotibial joint is subdivided into lateral femorotibial and medial

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

the affected stifle joint, an increase in joint effusion, a slight increase in total cell numbers in the SF, and joint stiffness. 17,18 Tearing of the CrCL could initiate an inflammatory process with the production of inflammatory cytokines

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

determine the quantity (concentration) and quality (molecular weight) of synovial fluid hyaluronan with respect to presence and severity of osteoarthritis in stifle joints of dogs. We hypothesized that synovial fluid hyaluronan quantity and quality would be

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Degeneration and rupture of the CrCL lead to instability of the stifle joint in dogs. 1–3 The CrCL limits hyperextension of the stifle joint as well as internal rotation and cranial displacement of the tibia relative to the femur. 2 Rupture of

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Degeneration and ultimate rupture of the canine CrCL leads to stifle joint instability because the CrCL limits hyperextension, internal rotation, and cranial translation of the tibia relative to the femur. 1–3 Rupture of the CrCL often is the

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

attachments. 6 Arthroscopy is currently the gold standard for exploration of the stifle as it allows a more sensitive evaluation of the meniscus, compared with arthrotomy. 2 , 11 , 12 despite greater iatrogenic articular cartilage injury. 13 Excellent short

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research