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( Oryctolagus cuniculus ), 7 bearded dragons ( Pogona vitticeps ), 8 and American bullfrogs ( Lithobates catesbeianus ). 9 As snake anatomy differs greatly from other species of animals due to their lack of appendages and extended body length, it is

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction Snakes are popular household pets, with an estimated 555,000 being kept in the US, 1 and are also commonly maintained in zoological institutions. As snakes become more common in these settings, their caretakers have an

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

The eyes of snakes have several functional and anatomic differences that make them distinct from the eyes of other reptiles. 1–5 The most clinically relevant of those differences are the presence of a spectacle, lack of a lacrimal gland but

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Lung infections in snakes are an important cause of disease and, in most circumstances, are characterized by a chronic or lethal course. Ferlaviruses, belonging to the family Paramyxoviridae, 1 are associated with highly pathogenic outbreaks of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

The ophthalmic features of snakes differ considerably from those of mammals and even other reptiles; perhaps the most clinically important difference in snakes is the lack of mobile eyelids, which are replaced by the spectacle (an embryonic fusion

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction An adult rat snake ( Pantherophis alleghaniensis ) of unknown sex found in Randolph County, NC, (snake 1) was evaluated at the Valerie H. Schindler Wildlife Rehabilitation Center at the North Carolina Zoo after being found inside

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

red-eared slider turtles ( Trachemys scripta elegans ) revealed that plasma concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D 3 increases significantly after exposure to UVB radiation. The authors are not aware of studies to investigate whether snakes synthesize

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

agents in reptiles; thus, anesthetic management of those species is often based on anecdotal reports from clinical practice and published case reports. 2–5 For snakes, anesthetic protocols generally include drugs that are administered by inhalation or

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

A 10-year-old 0.98 kg (2.2-lb) sexually intact male client-owned Texas rat snake ( Elaphe obsoleta lindheimeri ) was referred to the Cornell University Hospital for Animals for evaluation of presumed cataracts. Bilateral ocular opacities that had

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Various species of boid snakes are kept in captivity by zoos, breeders, collectors, and private owners. 1 Ultrasonography is already considered a valuable tool in the clinical evaluation of reptiles: the ultrasonographic appearance of the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research