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body temperature was measured; approximately 5 mL of blood was drawn from the brachial wing vein, the birds were then euthanized by CO 2 asphyxiation, and the spleens were collected from all birds. Blood was collected into a serum separator tube and

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

assessed as a component of a diagnostic investigation in cows that abort. 5 In these circumstances, detection of an appreciable IgG concentration is deemed suggestive of in utero exposure to pathogens. Detection of low serum concentrations of IgG, IgM

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Alterations in serum calcium and magnesium concentrations are common in horses that are affected by a variety of disorders (eg, exercise-induced electrolyte loss, chronic renal failure, and sepsis). 1–4 In addition, because of their influence on

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

decades, but they are not commonly used in clinical veterinary practice. 6 The proteins are classified in accordance with the magnitude of their response to stimuli as major (10- to 100-fold change), moderate (2- to 10-fold change), or negative (serum

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

testing to exclude other causes of chronic gastrointestinal inflammation. 2,3 To our knowledge, of the few minimally invasive inflammatory biomarkers that have been evaluated in dogs with idiopathic IBD, only serum CRP concentration has been suggested as

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. 2,3 Determination of serum lipase activity has been used for diagnosis of pancreatitis in humans and dogs for several decades. 4–7 However, in both species, it is well recognized that serum lipase activity is neither sensitive nor specific for

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

For decades serum lipase activity has been used for diagnosing pancreatitis in dogs and humans. 1–4 However, serum lipase activity is neither sensitive nor specific for pancreatitis in either species. Lipases are produced by many cell types in

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

times the upper reference limit), with high values typically identified during routine screening. 10,11 To the authors’ knowledge, studies investigating a possible association between hypertriglyceridemia, high serum liver enzyme activities, and liver

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Serum amyloid A is an acute-phase protein that is synthesized primarily in the liver in response to infection and inflammation. The protein has been highly conserved throughout evolution and is thought to play important roles in modulation of the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

considered to be the best single parameter for assessing renal filtering capacity and overall renal function. 10,11 Although direct measurement of GFR is not possible, 12 it can be indirectly determined by measuring serum concentrations of a filtration

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research