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blood supply and infection. 2 , 4 Veterinary patients undergoing reconstructive procedures may require sedation for evaluation of their surgical site in the days and weeks following surgery. Dexmedetomidine, a common sedative medication, is a highly

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction The use of oral and/or parenteral sedation in cats is common practice to facilitate handling, IV catheterization, and as premedication before general anesthesia in the hospital setting to provide anxiolysis to otherwise stressed

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-dependent sedation in reptiles, dexmedetomidine, an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, and midazolam, a benzodiazepine, can be rapidly and reliably antagonized with atipamezole and flumazenil, respectively. 3 – 5 This can mitigate prolonged recovery times, a current

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction Sedation is commonly used in avian patients to reduce the stress induced by manual restraint and allow for detailed physical examination and diagnostic testing such as diagnostic imaging and venipuncture. 1 IM administration of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Dexmedetomidine is an α 2 -adrenoceptor agonist commonly used in small animal practice to cause sedation and analgesia. 1–3 In a study 1 in cats, dexmedetomidine-mediated analgesia was short lasting and only evident after the administration of

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

–4 Physiologic changes resulting from stress may also lead to changes in the leukogram of birds, which can confound interpretation of the values. 5,6 Procedural sedation allows for ease of patient handling and can result in lower morbidity and mortality rates

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Acepromazine is a commonly used sedative in dogs. 1 It is a phenothiazine sedative with α 1 -receptor antagonist properties that can cause hypotension. 2 Nonetheless, the reliable sedation, inexpensive cost, and long duration of action of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Delivery of drugs to achieve sedation is an important aspect of veterinary practice. Sedative drugs are administered for diagnostic procedures, preanesthetic sedation, postsurgical sedation, and many other reasons. In veterinary medicine, sedative

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. Complications after sedation or anesthesia such as respiratory infections, digestive disturbances, and generalized depression and inappetence are frequently seen. 1 The reported anesthetic- and sedation-related risk of death in GPs is 3.80%, the highest

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

sedation protocols in the African pygmy hedgehog. Ketamine is a dissociative agent commonly used in small mammals and recommended for use in combination with other injectable sedatives, as it can result in poor muscle relaxation and rough recoveries as a

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association