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. Discussion Historically, canine RPSs have been considered to have a poor prognosis, with treatment offering little benefit. Due to the large potential space of the retroperitoneum, RPSs often grow asymptomatically until their size begins to impact adjacent

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

mass is present in the right cranial portion of the retroperitoneum caudal to the stomach and medial to the right kidney. Figure 2— Same radiographic views as in Figure 1 . A large soft tissue mass is evident in the right cranial aspect of the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

was heterogeneously soft tissue opaque, with associated internal amorphous, striated, and nodular mineral opacities. The resultant mass effect displaced the small and large intestines peripherally. Within the retroperitoneum, there was a moderate

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

was submitted to the anatomic pathology department for necropsy. Originating from the retroperitoneum in close association with the great vessels, projecting into the peritoneal cavity, and displacing most abdominal organs was a 40 × 28 × 23-cm

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

nephrectomy was performed after the kidney was found to be diffusely leaking a large volume of purulent material into the retroperitoneal space. The kidney was highly vascularized with tortuous blood vessels arising from the retroperitoneum. No other

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

results revealed a small amount of free fluid in the retroperitoneal space as well as areas of increased echogenicity that could be indicative of inflammatory changes to the retroperitoneum. No other clinically relevant abnormalities were identified, and a

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-filled left kidney occupying the entire left side of the abdomen. There was diffuse dilation of the left ureter, but the source of the obstruction could not be identified. The left kidney and ureter were released from the retroperitoneum, and a nephrectomy was

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, and a necropsy was performed. On gross examination, there was a poorly circumscribed, hemorrhagic, friable, light-pink to dark-red mass with multiple blood-filled cavities on cut section that extended from the right retroperitoneum into the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2011 ; 41 : 1023 – 1039 . 10.1016/j.cvsm.2011.05.004 4. Johnston DE , Christie BA . The retroperitoneum in dogs: retroperitoneal infections . Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 1990 ; 12 : 1035 – 1045 .

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

soft tissues of the lower extremities. 4 However, in dogs, isolated cases affecting intrathoracic (right atrium, pericardium, and lungs) or intra-abdominal (omentum, spleen, and retroperitoneum) structures have been documented. 3,5 The overall

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association