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Preface The Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings has been published by the NASPHV and CDC since 2005. 1 The compendium provides standardized recommendations for public health officials

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Preface The Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings has been published by the NASPHV and the CDC since 2005. 1–3 This compendium provides standardized recommendations for public health officials

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Rabies is a fatal viral zoonosis and serious public health problem. 1 All mammals are believed to be susceptible to the disease, and for the purposes of this document, use of the term animal refers to mammals. The disease is an acute, progressive

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Rabies is a fatal viral zoonosis and a serious public health problem. 1 All mammals are believed to be susceptible to the disease, and for purposes of this document, use of the term animal refers to mammals. The disease is an acute, progressive

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Authors , , and
Animals in Public Contact subcommittee of the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians Animals in Public Contact subcommittee of the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians

Abstract

Objective—To assess the number of zoonotic disease outbreaks associated with animal exhibits and identify published recommendations for preventing zoonotic disease transmission from animals to people in exhibit settings.

Design—Literature review and survey of state public health veterinarians and state epidemiologists.

Procedure—MEDLINE and agriculture databases were searched from 1966 through 2000. Retrieved references and additional resources provided by the authors were reviewed. A survey was sent to state public health veterinarians and state epidemiologists to determine whether their states had written recommendations or guidelines for controlling zoonotic diseases in animal exhibition venues, whether their states maintained a listing of animal exhibitors in the state, and whether they had any information on recent outbreaks involving animals in exhibitions.

Results—11 published outbreaks were identified. These outbreaks occurred in a variety of settings including petting zoos, farms, and a zoological park. An additional episode involving exposure to a potentially rabid bear required extensive public health resources. A survey of state public health veterinarians identified 16 additional unpublished outbreaks or incidents. Most states did not have written recommendations or guidelines for controlling zoonotic diseases or any means to disseminate educational materials to animal exhibitors.

Conclusions—Recent outbreaks of zoonotic diseases associated with contact with animals in exhibition venues highlight concerns for disease transmission to public visitors. Only a handful of states have written guidelines for preventing zoonotic disease transmission in animal exhibition venues, and published recommendations currently available focus on preventing enteric diseases and largely do not address other zoonotic diseases or prevention of bite wounds. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004;224:1105–1109)

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

opportunity and obligation to perform critical roles in protecting the health of humans and other animals. 2–4,6–9 A demand exists for veterinarians with an interest in PH&E to fill positions in public health practice. 5,10–16 These positions include

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

natural attraction to new or interesting odors. These abilities make them uniquely capable as public health protection dogs. Starting in early 2020, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections caused a global pandemic of proportions previously unseen

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

HCSA Health care and social assistance NASPHV National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians NORA National Occupational Research Agenda OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PPE Personal protective equipment VSP

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

of 125 state public health, agriculture, and university laboratories performing the standard direct fluorescent antibody test. 16 These state laboratories test animals collected through passive surveillance, and their work represents 95% of annual

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association