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Rhodococcus equi , a Gram-positive facultative intracellular pathogen, can cause a severe form of pneumonia in foals worldwide. 1 , 2 Virulent strains of R equi express the virulence-associated protein A (VapA), 3 , 4 which is necessary for

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

reclassified as Prescotella equi . 1 Morphological Diagnosis and Case Summary Morphologic diagnoses: (1) pneumonia (pyogranulomatous and necrotizing, marked, multifocal to coalescing, with numerous intrahistiocytic coccobacillary bacteria) of the lung

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

In dogs, bacterial pneumonia is characterized by colonization of the airways or pulmonary parenchyma with bacteria, resulting in exudation and lung consolidation. 1,2 Common causes of bacterial pneumonia include aspiration of gastrointestinal

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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B ovine respiratory disease complex (BRD) is described as pneumonia caused by 1 or more infectious agents and associated with inflammation, consolidation, fibrosis, and lung abscesses. 1 Fibrinous pneumonia is the most common form of acute

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Aspiration pneumonia is a common clinical diagnosis in dogs, and underlying disorders associated with this disorder include vomiting, laryngeal disease or surgery, megaesophagus or esophageal dysfunction, and decreased level of consciousness. 1

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

( 1 ): 22 – 25 . doi: 10.1136/vr.160.1.22 20. Magwood SE , Barnum DA , Thomson RG . Nasal bacterial flora of calves in healthy and in pneumonia-prone herds . Can J Comp Med . 1969 ; 33 ( 4 ): 237 – 243 . 21. DeRosa DC

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

variables can vary with the time of day. 16 Surface temperature, as determined by means of high-resolution thermographic imaging, has been evaluated as a variable for early identification of calves with pneumonia. 17 Thermography is a noncontact method

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Aspiration pneumonia is a serious and potentially life-threatening inflammatory lung process. Pathologic damage to the lungs results from insults to the alveolar capillary membranes, and loss of surface area for gas exchange leads to ventilation

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

development of postoperative pulmonary complications, particularly postoperative aspiration pneumonia, in these dogs. In 1 study, 8 pneumonia occurred in 5% of dogs undergoing laparotomy and represented 22% of all postoperative pulmonary complications in this

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

vocalization changes. 3 Postoperative aspiration pneumonia is also a commonly reported complication that may affect 5% to 24% of cases. 3–7 Various technical modifications of the surgical procedure have been recommended to decrease the risk of aspiration

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association