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for medial or lateral rotation to increase the medial or lateral trochlear ridge height in cases of trochlear hypoplasia, which can be seen in many cases of patella luxation. The size of saw blade was chosen at the discretion of each surgeon to allow

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

M edial patella luxation (MPL) is common in young, small-breed dogs. A luxating patella can occur due to congenital, developmental, or traumatic causes. It is most commonly a developmental disease that occurs when dogs are born with an anatomic

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

popliteal tendon has also been reported in association with avulsion of the proximal long digital extensor tendon and lateral patella luxation. 2 Clinical signs of popliteal tendon avulsion may mimic those of other stifle joint injuries, including rupture

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Figure 1 . Note the osteochondritis dissecans lesion on the left medial femoral condyle (green arrow) and the medial patella luxation on the left stifle (red arrow). Arthrocentesis of the left stifle revealed an increased volume of synovial fluid

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

investigate the cause for pain and patella luxation ( Figure 1 ) and were compared with radiographic views obtained several weeks earlier. Figure 1— Lateral (A) and craniocaudal (B) radiographic views of the left stifle joint of an 11-year-old Lhasa Apso

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

proprioceptive reactions were considered normal. Withdrawal and myotactic reflexes were considered appropriate in all 4 limbs. Other abnormalities detected during a general physical examination included a large urinary bladder, bilateral medial patella luxation

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

records. Relevant comorbidities included a capital physeal fracture of the contralateral limb (n = 1), obesity (2), bilateral grade 2/4 medial patella luxations (1), and suspected myelopathy with placing deficits in the pelvic limbs (1). The cat with the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

; medial patella luxation, 3), 78 were excluded because they were incomplete, and 3 were excluded because of urinary catheterization for undocumented reasons, leaving 179 (64 castrated males, 3 sexually intact males, 102 spayed females, and phine and 64

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

disorders of South American camelids, in addition to angular limb deformities, septic arthritis, and patella luxations. 1,2 Most frequently, fractures occur in the metacarpal or metatarsal bones (28.7%), followed by the humerus (21.4%), radius and ulna (21

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

with medial patella luxation . Vet Surg. 2019 ; 48 ( 4 ): 584 – 591 . doi: 10.1111/vsu.13126 30446995 23. Hamilton-Bennett SE , Oxley B , Behr S . Accuracy of a patient-specific 3D printed drill guide for placement of cervical

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association