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cattle. The most common techniques implemented to desensitize the paralumbar fossa include proximal/distal paravertebral and inverted L blocks. Distal paravertebral blocks are used frequently due to the technique’s simplicity, ease, and reliability

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

paravertebral nerve block, or epidural block; and thoracolumbar subarachnoid anesthesia. 1 For laparotomy, the PPNB or DPNB is preferred. 1,2 Both the PPNB and DPNB desensitize a relatively larger body area, compared with that achieved by the infiltration

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

risks, the owner declined surgical intervention. An ultrasound-guided paravertebral perineural glucocorticoid injection was performed. Dog 1 was sedated with dexmedetomidine (5 μg/kg [2.27 μg/lb], IV) and methadone (0.3 mg/kg [0.14 mg/lb], IV) and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

pain and stress, 1 and additional techniques to mitigate pain during and after surgery would be clinically useful. A thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) consists of injection of a local anesthetic within the so-called thoracic paravertebral space

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

veterinary medicine, nerve blocks are commonly performed for diagnostic purposes such as lameness examination in horses 8 or for analgesic purposes before, during, and after surgical interventions (eg, paravertebral anesthesia for laparotomy in cows). 9

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

space, paravertebral soft tissues, and spinal cord over the affected disk. Signal intensity was described as hyperintense, hypointense, isointense, or mixed, compared with the surrounding normal structures. Additionally, the presence or absence of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

15 minutes after CVC occlusion. Collateral vessels Vessels identified during venography included the cranial and caudal venae cavae, phrenicoabdominal veins, renal veins, left gonadal vein, circumflex iliac veins, lumbar veins, paravertebral

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

approaches to administer thoracic limb locoregional anesthesia include cervical paravertebral nerve block, axillary brachial plexus nerve block, and radius-ulna-median-musculocutaneous nerve block. 2 Although a study d in dog cadavers shows that dye

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

meningomyelitides, diskospondylitis, and paravertebral abscesses. Other progressive myelopathies such as degenerative myelopathy or myelopathies secondary to a subarachnoid diverticulum are less likely because they are not associated with pain. Myelopathies

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association