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formation occur. 1 It is very common in dogs, with 6.6% to as many as 20% of dogs reported to suffer from this disease. 1 , 2 Osteoarthritis in dogs can cause lameness and stiffness, which both suggest the presence of pain. 3 , 4 These are often

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

R ecognition and assessment of pain allow the provision of supportive care and administration of analgesics, improving the welfare of a given patient. However, recognition and assessment of pain are still in early development for birds, creating

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction Neurological deficits, neck pain, and neck stiffness are the most common clinical abnormalities related to the equine cervical region and, therefore, the most common reasons to pursue advanced imaging of the neck. It is well

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

A wareness of chronic pain in animals has increased because the perception of companion animals has changed as they are considered family members. Therefore, the behavioral and physiological consequences of chronic pain on the dog can be

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

been cited as a source of pain and stress in cattle, 2 but a specific pain scale to evaluate and demonstrate postoperative pain in goats had not been developed until recent years. Analgesia is used to provide pain relief and reduce stress in livestock

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

) and found that 93 cats had radiographic evidence of DJD in some part of the axial or appendicular skeleton (axial skeleton, 53 cats; appendicular skeleton, 92 cats). Results of other studies 5–8 suggest that DJD can be associated with signs of pain

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

The assessment of pain in animals is paramount to ensure its adequate treatment, and currently this involves the use of composite or multicomposite scoring systems to assess signs of pain. 1 Ideally, pain scales would have content, construct, and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

not observed. 2 In human medicine, acetaminophen is one of the most commonly used drugs for the treatment of pain or pyrexia and is also used in infants for similar purposes. 2 – 4 Acetaminophen has been studied after both single and multiple doses

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

In a previous study, 1 20% (231/1,153) of dogs examined as outpatients at a veterinary teaching hospital had evidence of pain, illustrating the importance of pain as a clinical sign in dogs. Pain can be classified as acute or chronic, with

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association