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Introduction Osteoarthritis is a progressive disease of synovial joints in which pathological changes including articular cartilage degeneration, sclerosis and thickening of subchondral bone, fibrosis of periarticular tissue, and osteophyte

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

P osttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is the most common type of arthritis in horses and dogs. 1 Because PTOA is the most common cause of retirement in sport horses, it is one of the most frequently studied musculoskeletal entities in the equine

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most commonly diagnosed musculoskeletal disease in veterinary medicine. 1 The disease is particularly impacting in working dogs, their performance, and overall quality of life (QOL). 2 Osteoarthritis

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common arthropathy in both humans and animals. 1 Prevalence estimates vary widely, from 2.5% of all dogs in primary care settings to upwards of 20% of adult dogs in a referral setting. 2 , 3

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

osteoarthritis in the horse, and there is a relative paucity of information. The mechanism of action of the 4% PAHG is surface and boundary lubrication. 8 Initial investigations with this PAHG show that the material decreases friction and is present and even

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

C anine hip dysplasia is a multifactorial, polygenic, developmental orthopedic disorder characterized by increased hip joint laxity, accompanied by subluxation of the femoral head leading to the development of secondary osteoarthritis (OA). 1 , 2

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

A s of the year 2000, approximately one-third of domestic equids in the United States suffered from lameness due to osteoarthritis (OA) and owners were spending around $145 million annually on veterinary care related to this disease. 1 The goal

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Hip dysplasia in dogs is a developmental orthopedic disease in which abnormal development of a hip joint leads to functional laxity. This results in cartilage degradation, osteophyte formation, subchondral sclerosis, and ultimately osteoarthritis

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Osteoarthritis is a chronic, progressive disease characterized by the degradation of articular cartilage with accompanying alterations of the joint, including sclerosis and thickening of subchondral bone, osteophyte production, and alterations of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Many clinical veterinary orthopedic studies assess patient outcomes with subjective measures such as owner questionnaires or veterinarian lameness scores. Although many subjective measures are validated for dogs with osteoarthritis and owner input

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association