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This narrative review was prepared by an international group of experts in the field on the basis of evidence, when available. However, the team of authors fully admits that this effort is incomplete, as few blinded and controlled studies on the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

pastern. In lighter horse breeds, mild to moderate manifestations of EPD predominate, while progression to severe debilitating forms, including chronic progressive lymphedema (CPL), is seen in cob- and draft-type horses. 2 – 6 This narrative review aims

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

demonstrating the limitations of narrative reporting and that critical components of an operation are often omitted. 4 – 7 Narrative reports (NRs) are free-text descriptions of the procedure that are written without a template. In the authors’ experience, these

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Cleft palate is the most common congenital orofacial defect in dogs. Although this topic has been extensively studied in experimental dogs, current literature on clinical patients is limited to case reports and small case series studies with many individual opinions based on experience. This narrative review summarizes the literature of the last 10 years with application to clinical practice, focusing on the preparation of the patient until surgery, options for surgical management, and perioperative complications. Surgical treatment must be performed to obtain separation between the nasal/nasopharyngeal and oral/oropharyngeal passages. This will allow the dog to have independent function and reduce clinical signs associated with food, water, and other foreign material entering the respiratory tract. Surgical treatment has good to excellent outcomes when the procedure is carefully planned and appropriately executed despite the high rates of postoperative oronasal fistula reported.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

The economic literature on veterinary technicians is limited, and the AVMA Task Force on Veterinary Technician Utilization has recommended increasing veterinary technician economic research in several areas. The aim of this review was to provide an economic overview of the veterinary technician profession based on intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. Data sources for this paper include articles and texts from the veterinary, human medical, and service industries concerning veterinary technicians and from economic and psychology literature. Findings of this literature review indicated that veterinary technician intrinsic and extrinsic rewards are complex. Veterinary technicians appear to find value and meaning in their job tasks, which contribute positively toward job satisfaction and self-identity. Low financial rewards, workplace incivility, and work overload appear to be problematic for the individual veterinary technician, veterinary technician profession, and veterinary industry as a whole. The economic and psychology literature indicated that changes to the profession, such as increasing veterinary technician utilization, should simultaneously incorporate the economic needs and values of veterinary technicians and veterinary practice operators.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

reports about cytologic specimens, detailing their observations, thoughts, and conclusions to the submitting clinician. Currently, most reports are written in a free-form, narrative format and comprise 3 sections: a description of the cellular and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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-associated alterations in the animal’s response to fluid administration (ie, fluid responsiveness). 5 – 7 Perioperative fluid therapy protocols should be individualized, especially in senior animals and those with an ASA score > 2. 8 This narrative review discusses key

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

wide range of diseases including musculoskeletal, cutaneous, and periodontal. Sufficient data have been gathered regarding various PRP formulations and clinical applications within canine medicine to warrant this narrative review. Scientific literature

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

current industry recommendations, 13 , 17 a herd problem with TOL exists if more than 5 percent of the cows scored have 1 or more teats with a TOL. Presentation The TOL that we are focusing on in this narrative review are distinct from other types

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

veterinary species. The goal of this narrative is to review the pertinent veterinary literature regarding a variety of regenerative therapies for neurological disease, highlighting proposed mechanisms of action, indications for use, administration techniques

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association