drawback to the use of the traditional closed technique is that the anal sac duct is not fully excised but only ligated. A modified approach to the closed anal sacculectomy has been described to facilitate full anal sac duct excision with minimal
modified hemipelvectomy with excised osseous structures crossing midline (involving both hemipelves) with reportedly good limb function postoperatively, concurrent amputation (external hemipelvectomy) was not performed in either case. 7 , 8 Additional case
using an unbiased, bottom-up proteomics approach. Identifying 1 or more unique molecules, or the entire secretome, could then be explored further as disease-modifying OA drugs for human and veterinary patients.
Materials and Methods
performing a modified approach to closed anal sacculectomy involving complete removal of the anal sac duct. During surgery, the anal sac duct can be used for manipulation of the anal sac and associated tumor. The objective of the study reported here was to
The objective of the study reported here was to describe a novel, modified open castration technique with a scrotal approach and primary closure. We hypothesized that our technique would result in low intraoperative and postoperative complication rates
muscular process of the arytenoid cartilage would prevent loss of arytenoid abduction. However, suture placement in the standard manner farther rostral may result in a reduced mechanical advantage for fully abducting the arytenoid cartilage. 16 A modified
Tetralogy of Fallot
Classic Blalock-Taussig procedure
a Covance, Kalamazoo, Mich.
b Cordis Corp, Miami, Fla.
c Ethicon Inc, Somerville, NJ.
d Triton Technology Inc, San Diego, Calif.
e Hypaque, Amersham
the horses in poor physical condition to general anesthesia (n = 6 horses) or because of financial restrictions imposed by the owner (5), the decision was made to perform a phallectomy, with each horse standing. The modified Vinsot technique of partial
cell-mediated immune response. 7 Both a humoral and a cell-mediated immune response are required for lasting protection against Salmonella infections. 8 In contrast to a killed bacterin, modified-live Salmonella vaccines have been shown to
modified for use in veterinary medicine, enabling grading of the initial neurologic status and serial monitoring. This Modified GCS (MCGS) also evaluates 3 components of neurologic function: motor activity, brain stem reflexes, and level of consciousness