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. Scale bars measure 20 mm. Preliminary destructive mechanical testing —Sixteen cadaveric radii from 8 dogs were tested destructively in cranial bending, axial loading, or torsional bending by use of a materials testing machine. k Yield and ultimate

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

for all single bolt construct testing (A) and all complete construct mechanical testing (B). Custom, 3-D–printed centralization pieces (black arrows) were used during construction and securement of all constructs within the testing machine and then

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

segmental models of lumbar finite elements constructed based on canine computed tomography (CT) data are consistent with behaviors observed in ex vivo mechanical tests of real spinal segment models. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

used. 19 Mechanical testing indicates that broad plates and locking plates can withstand higher loads than standard TPLO plates. 22 Data are lacking regarding the mechanical benefits of the incorporation of the ARP with the plate fixation of a TPLO

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, collagen, and protein) have been retained. These components are required for matrix infiltration during graft incorporation and to maintain biological and biomechanical properties of the tendon. Therefore, mechanical testing of the decellularized ECM may be

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-three titanium cannulated screws a (shank type; 22-mm end threaded; outer diameter, 6.5 mm; guide channel diameter, 3.6 mm; and length, 80 to 120 mm) were allocated to 3 test groups (11 screws/group) prior to mechanical testing. The guide channels of the screws

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

from a canine cadaver. See Figure 3 for remainder of key. A flash-freezing method was used to freeze the tissue blocks and prevent deterioration of the specimens prior to mechanical testing. Briefly, 100 mL of 99% isopentane was placed in a

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

(n = 6/group) or remained as an intact CCL (control group; 6). Specimens were allowed to thaw at room temperature (21°C) for 24 hours before allograft fixation and mechanical testing. Three techniques involved use of a PPL allograft to repair the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

for mechanical testing Commercially available cellophane f was cut into 12-mm-wide strips and folded twice longitudinally to produce 4-mm-wide triple-layer cellophane bands. A new cellophane band was used for each test. The same observer who applied

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

each individual suture were secured with 3 square knots/suture. This photograph was obtained following mechanical testing, which can be verified by the black- and white-suture loop as well as the fact that the tendon is not seen apposed to the patellar

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research