lumbar trunks and, ventrally, the visceral trunk, the intestinal trunk, or the jejunal, colic, and celiac trunks independently. The efferent lymphatic vessels from the adrenal glands and kidneys directly join the CC caudoventral to it. 1 Cranially, the
, junctional activity, ulceration, lymphatic invasion, and degree of pigmentation) variables of histologic grade.
Materials and Methods
Selection of oral melanoma samples
Fifty-nine oral melanoma samples of dogs were obtained from 6 veterinary
and intestinal lymphatic trunks that drain into the thoracic duct. 6 Lymphatic hypertension has been proposed as a possible reason that TDL for treatment of chylothorax may fail 13 ; CCA may prevent lymphatic hypertension by allowing direct drainage
were consistent with persistent chronic nonchylous lymphatic effusion.
Nontargeted semiquantitative lipidomics of serum and thoracic fluid samples was performed on both patient (n = 5 serum and 5 fluid; same individual at different
H orses are prone to lymphatic drainage disorders due to minimal distal limb musculature as well as their propensity to incur distal limb trauma. Peripheral lymphedema in the horse can be the manifestation of a variety of primary disease processes
Burke EJ , et al. Impact of cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest on myocardial lymphatic function . Am J Physiol 1995 ; 268:H178–H183 .
4. Pratt JW Schertel ER Schaefer SL , et al. Acute transient coronary sinus hypertension impairs
. Accurate staging of patients can be challenging, and lymph node drainage cannot be predicted by anatomic location alone. 2–6 An SLN is defined as the first lymph node (or nodes) within a lymphatic drainage basin to which a primary tumor reliably drains. 7
species, these techniques bypass the intestinal and hepatic lymphatic vessels that are the major tributary to the intestinal trunk, and in clinical cases of chylothorax or cases of both chylothorax and chylous abdominal effusion, important lymphatic
catheterization of a mesenteric lymph vessel 1 ; the diagnostic procedure lengthens the anesthetic period associated with thoracic duct ligation by approximately 1 hour 5 ; and mesenteric lymphatic catheterization can be difficult, especially in physically small
availability, low cost, and ease of use. While MB is directly visible and generally within the infrared spectrum, it may also have some NIRF properties. 9 The use of MB is limited by its subjective degree of blue staining within the lymphatic tract and LN. 10