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these dog-related incidents, typically only reporting the facts around humans. Recommendations meant to reduce the incidence of injuries often fail to consider animal-related factors such as dog size and temperament, leash-pulling behavior and its

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

attractive for use in the clinical setting and in multicenter trials, the sources of variation in data recorded with this system remain unclear. The secondary objective of the study reported here was to determine the impact of handlers and leash side on the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

faculty, graduate and veterinary students, and staff of the College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University. Respondents who owned an adult (≥ 1-year-old) dog that was healthy and able to walk on a leash and safely and

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

significant association with HD included breed, exercise in a run with a soft surface (ground or grass), daily use of stairs, and off-leash exercise in a park-like terrain. The final multivariable regression model included breed, litter size, type of housing

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

conservative treatment options were discussed with the owner. Because of the owners’ concerns regarding risks of surgery and the ambulatory status of the dog, the patient underwent nonsurgical treatment consisting of cage rest and restricted exercise on a leash

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

run out. While dogs were hospitalized in phase 2, each was housed individually and exercised on a leash 4 to 6 times/d until the WMC passed in the feces or a technical problem was found, at which point they were allowed to return home. In addition

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Objective—To determine the feasibility for use of a 6- minute walk test (6-MWT) in dogs with congestive heart failure (CHF) and document that the distance walked in 6 minutes decreases when a dog has CHF.

Animals—16 young mature male hound-crossbred dogs weighing between 25 and 37 kg.

Procedure—An unobstructed path (22.73 m) was measured in a hallway. Each dog was walked on a leash for 6 minutes; each dog was allowed to set its own pace. At the end of 6 minutes (as measured by use of a stopwatch), the total distance walked was measured. Heart rate (HR) obtained by auscultation and mean systemic arterial pressure (MAP) obtained by oscillometry were recorded before and after the 6- MWT. Heart failure was induced by use of rapid ventricular pacing. Mean of the distance walked, HR, and MAP before and after the 6-MWT were compared between the control period and after dogs developed induced CHF.

Results—Dogs with CHF had a significant increase in resting HR, significant decrease in MAP, and a significant decrease in the distance walked in 6 minutes. The MAP increased slightly after exercise during the control period but decreased slightly after exercise during the CHF period. Fractional shortening decreased significantly when dogs had CHF.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Analysis of these results indicated that the distance walked in 6 minutes decreased significantly when a dog had CHF. The 6-MWT requires little time, space, or equipment and may replace the treadmill exercise test. ( Am J Vet Res 2004;65:311–313)

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

stiffened, licked its lips, yawned repeatedly, and growled whenever it was approached with the leash at the late time of day when it was routinely taken to the animal hospital for treatment. On 1 occasion, the owner was bitten when she persisted in leashing

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

subsequently posed, they typically sought only clarification about the food item previously mentioned by the client. See page 1203 Influence of leash side and handlers on pressure mat analysis of gait characteristics in small-breed dogs Pressure

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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selection process, it did not end up in the final models. However, we had more than 2 outdoor access types: none, balcony, on a leash, in a cage or freely supervised, and freely unsupervised. Thus, the result might be different if outdoor access groups are

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association