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zygomatic arch. b N = 4 cat skulls and 4 dog skulls. Discussion This project was the first kinematic evaluation of a novel TMJR prosthesis intended for the management of several severe TMJ disorders in cats and dogs. The study included the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

the implants, a fundamental understanding of the kinematics of the equine stifle joint is needed. 7 , 8 Skin marker-based motion capture is a common method to investigate human knee kinematics as well as to analyze equine stifle kinematics. It was

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

age that were in good general and dental health and had no dental irregularities or malocclusions. Horses ranged in height from 155 to 168 cm at the withers and in body weight from 515 to 608 kg. Kinematic data collection —Marker locations were

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

methods, such as kinetics and kinematics, for the detection of lameness in horses at both a walk and a trot. Results of studies 10–12 suggest that the use of stationary force platform kinetic and optical kinematic systems is just as sensitive as or more

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

noninvasive approach to biomechanical analysis that has been applied to canine hind limb studies. 1–6 However, compared with the extensive 3-D kinematic measurements in human subjects, 7,9 most studies 2, 10–13 on canine hind limbs have focused on 2

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

horses to perineural anesthesia. Several studies 5,10–15 have been conducted to investigate the efficacy of kinetics and kinematics for the evaluation of horses with mild lameness. In a study 10 in which stationary force platform analysis was used as

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

enormous costs associated with the training of MWDs, it is imperative to use advances in veterinary diagnostic techniques to help detect orthopedic problems as soon as possible, thereby maximizing the working life of MWDs. Kinetic and kinematic gait

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

motion and the effects of mandibulectomy on that motion can provide clinically relevant insight into the complex masticatory changes that occur after mandibulectomy. 20–22 To our knowledge, no studies have been reported regarding mandibular kinematics in

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

special movements on joint mechanics, it did not involve evaluations of animals with orthopedic disorders. This is unfortunate because a deeper insight on the effect of special movements on joint kinematics would help increase understanding of the

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Kinematics is the science of the mechanics of body motion and has been used to describe features of normal gaits in dogs. 1–10 Kinematics has also been used to describe changes in the motion of abnormal joints, particularly the stifle

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research