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Thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease is a common cause of neurologic dysfunction in dogs. 1,2 The clinical signs can range from signs of pain or spinal hyperesthesia to pelvic limb paresis or paralysis, with or without deep pain perception

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Intervertebral disk disease in dogs has been classified on the basis of clinical, radiographic, and histologic findings. 1-4 Recently, however, MRI has come into wider use as a diagnostic tool in veterinary medicine, 5-9 and MRI has been

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Intervertebral disk disease is characterized by intervertebral disk degeneration and protrusion or extrusion of disk material into the vertebral canal. It is the most common cause of paresis and paralysis in dogs. 1,2 It has been estimated 1

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

conflicting results, with some studies reporting positive effects and others unable to identify any significant effects. In a previous clinical study 11 involving 50 dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease, significantly higher proportions of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

limbs postoperatively and had no appreciable neurologic deficits in its thoracic limbs. The dog's pelvic limb motor function and ability to urinate were regained at days 2 and 3 after surgery, respectively. Discussion Intervertebral disk disease is

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

IVDD Intervertebral disk disease MRI Magnetic resonance imaging a. Stata 8.0 for Windows, Stata Corp, College Station, Tex. References 1. Ruddle TL Allen DA Schertel ER , et al . Outcome and prognostic factors in non

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

spondylosis and development of IVDD at adjacent sites may exist. IVDD Intervertebral disk disease a Epi Info, version 6.04, CDC, Atlanta, Ga. b SPSS, version 11.5, SPSS Inc, Chicago, Ill. References 1 Morgan JP

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Intervertebral disk disease is a common cause of neurologic dysfunction in dogs. Hansen type I or extrusive IVDDs are mainly observed in chondrodystrophic breeds 1 and typically are associated with acute onset of clinical signs. Affected animals

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

expression improves locomotor outcome and reduces blood-spinal cord barrier disruption. 8 Intervertebral disk disease is a frequent problem in dogs, accounts for approximately 2% of all diagnoses of canine disease, and represents the most common cause of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

intervertebral disc disease and loss of deep pain perception . J Small Anim Pract 1999 ; 40 : 417 – 422 . 10.1111/j.1748-5827.1999.tb03114.x 7. Laitinen OM Puerto DA . Surgical decompression in dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association