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included cardiovascular, CNS, endocrine, gastrointestinal, urogenital, hematopoietic, integument, lymphoid, musculoskeletal, and respiratory. The etiological categories were inflammatory, degenerative, traumatic injury, neoplastic, and proliferative

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Table 2 for key. Medical problems and AMD use —Of the 242 dogs that received at least 1 AMD within 12 months prior to hospital admission, diseases of the integument (125 [51.7%]), digestive system (34 [14.0%]), and musculoskeletal system (23 [9

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Summary

Analogues of a melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-msh) have been documented to be effective in inducing integumental melanogenesis in several species. These melanotropin analogues are more potent than the natural hormone and have prolonged biological activity, without apparent teratogenic or other toxic effects, at least in rodents. In a pilot study, a cyclic α-msh analogue, Ac-[Nle 4 , Asp 5 , D _ -Phe 7 , Lys 10 ] α-msh 4-10-NH2, was administered sc to a dog at a dose of 1 mg of analogue in 1 ml of 0.9 % NaCl for 3 weeks, without noticeable adverse effects. There was gradual and extensive darkening of the coat, which originally was predominantly tan, with tips of black. Initially, the darkening involved face and extremities, then gradually expanded to include the trunk and tail hair. Visual pigmentation peaked approximately 2 months after injections were completed. As new hair growth continued subsequent to the injections, the original tan color appeared at the proximal end of the hair shaft, leaving a dark terminal band on all affected hairs. These observations clearly indicated that follicular melanogenesis can be induced in dogs by treatment with a melanotropic peptide.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

subjacent dorsal aspect of the neck integument was composed of moderately thick fibrous connective tissue, and was otherwise unremarkable. Figure 2— Photomicrograph of a representative section of the mass following excision from the neck of the turtle

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

necessary reference for general avian practitioners or backyard chicken fanciers. Reviewed by Niklos Weber, DVM, DABVP Whispering Pines Pet Clinic Magalia, Calif Poultry Feathers and Skin: The Poultry Integument in Health and Welfare (Poultry

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

The integument, as an organ system, is composed of the avascular epidermis and the vascular dermis, which are intimately connected at the basement membrane. The hoof of horses is a specialized modification of the integumentary system and includes

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

changes in laminitic feet of donkeys on the basis of data from a comprehensive series of radiographic measurements. Actual values for this animal are noted. AA = Apex angle. IDA = Integument depth (proximal site). IDB = Integument depth (distal site). IDM

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

History An approximately 2.5-year-old sexually intact female bearded dragon ( Pogona vitticeps ) was evaluated for acute onset of listlessness, weakness, and pallor of the entire integument. On initial examination, the bearded dragon was

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

mentioned in our paper, there are also differences between humans and animals with regard to integument anatomy and wound healing that have the potential to influence the ability for successful graft take. However, in the era of translational medicine, we

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

did not have weight reported, BCS (according to the same scale) was noted instead. To record the anatomic location and extent of injury to integument or eyes, the body surface was initially divided into 51 sections that were based on division of a

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association